California Native Issues
This page contains links to California Native specific information and resources. Please refer to California Tribal Court/BJA for more resources specific to California Tribal Court Development and the Bureau of Justice Assistance Tribal Court Assistant (TCAP) Program.
A statewide Directory of Services for Native American Families is available on the California Courts website. The Directory contains contact information on services to assist Indian children and families. Search by county, service type or both.
Early California Laws and Policies related to California Indians,
Kimberly Johnston-Dodds (CRB-02-014 , September 2002)
The Status of American Indian Children in Los Angeles (November 2004) is a policy brief by the Los Angeles American Indian Children's Council that presents recent findings on the status of American Indian and Alaskan Native (AIAN) children in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Major findings on American Indian and Alaskan Native children include:
Building and Buying Green in Indian Country: A Practical Guide for California Tribes is a guide that provides tribal project decision makers and planners with an overview of "green" building practices to help them evaluate and choose sustainable options as they develop projects with architects, contractors, suppliers, or other building professionals.
A Second Century of Dishonor: Federal Inequities and California Tribes, by Carole Goldberg, J.D. and Duane Champagne, Ph. D., with assistance from Wallace T. Cleaves, Leroy Seidel, Chad Gordon , Patty Ferguson, Kit Winter, Lola Worthington and Lori Soghomonian, focuses on California (one of the mandatory Public Law 280 states) and the inequities suffered by California Tribes, including the impact of Public Law 280. For over 100 years, studies conducted by federal, state, and private agencies have reached the same conclusion: California Indians are not receiving a fair share from federal Indian programs; and because they have received less support from the federal government, California Indians have suffered in social-economic well-being relative to other Indian groups in other states . . .
Sample California Tribal Codes
Draft Memorandums of Understandings (MOUs)
Other resources (PL 280, but not California Specific)
California Indian Legal Services (CILS) is the first Indian-controlled law firm organized to provide specialized legal representation to Indians and Indian tribes. CILS provides free or low-cost representation on those matters that fall within the priorities. Created by California Indian leaders and public interest attorneys, CILS has been one of the preeminent advocates for the rights of Native Americans and Indian Tribes for over thirty years. Some of the links on this site are:
LawHelpCalifornia.org is a joint project of California Indian Legal Services and Public Interest Clearinghouse with the guidance of the CalJustice Advisory Committee and assistance from advocates at many LSC and IOLTA-funded legal aid programs.
The American Indian Children's Council is one of nine advisory councils to the Los Angeles Children's Planning Council. The American Indian Children's Council is countywide and works across the 8 Service Planning Areas to ensure that American Indian children are not overlooked in the planning efforts across Los Angeles county. Their goal is:
Land Use Planning Information Network (LUPIN) is a searchable library of Federal, Tribal, and state environmental and planning information developed by the California Resources Agency to facilitate access to a variety of electronic data describing California's rich and diverse environments.
California Indian Gaming News contains extensive links to news articles from newspapers across the country concerning Indian gaming and related issues. It is maintained by Victor Rocha of the Pechanga Band of Luiseno Indians in Temecula, California.
The California Nations Indian Gaming Association (CNIGA), founded in 1988, is a non-profit organization comprised of federally-recognized tribal governments. CNIGA is dedicated to the purpose of protecting the sovereign right of Indian tribes to have gaming on federally-recognized Indian lands. It acts as a planning and coordinating agency for legislative, policy, legal and communications efforts on behalf of its members and serves as an industry forum for information and resources.
The California Rural Indian Health Board (CRIHB) was founded and incorporated in 1969 by a consortium of nine California Indian Tribes to advocate for the return of federal health care services to the American Indian population of California. Those services had been withdrawn in the 1950's as part of the federal policy of termination that resulted in the loss of federal tribal status to numerous small tribes. Through the efforts of this organization two decades of shameful neglect of Indian health problems was brought to an end.
The Southern California Indian Center (SCIC) is a non-profit community-based organization serving the American Indian, Native Alaskan and Native Hawaiian communities of Los Angeles, Orange, Kern and Riverside Counties -- covering over 5,000 square miles and hosting the largest concentration of urban American Indian/Native Alaskans in the nation.
United American Indian Involvement mission is to provide quality educational programs, primary health, mental health, housing, economic development and social services to American Indians residing in Los Angeles County in a manner that is sensitive and respectful to cultural, tribal and spiritual values.
The mission of Native Nations Law and Policy Center at UCLA School of Law is to support Native nations throughout the United States, with a special focus on California tribes, in developing their systems of governance and in addressing critical public policy issues and to apply the resources of state-supported education together with tribal expertise to address contemporary educational needs for southern California Tribes. The NNLPC includes the following programs and projects: Research and Publications; Tribal Legal Development Clinic; Instructional and Training (Tribal Learning Community and Educational Exchange).
The core goals and objectives of the American Indian Studies Center (AISC) at UCLA are to facilitate research and research collaborations; disseminate research results through research conferences, meetings and other activities; strengthen graduate and undergraduate education by providing students enrolled in the American Indian Studies program with training opportunities and access to facilities; to seek extramural research funds; and carry out university and public service programs related to the Center's research expertise.
The Northern California Indian Development Council is a private nonprofit corporation that annually provides services to 14,000 to 15,000 clients throughout California. NCIDC was established in 1976 to research, develop and administer social and economic development programs designed to meet the needs of Indian and Native American Communities; to provide support and technical assistance for the development of such programs, and the conservation and preservation of historic and archeological sites and resources.
Indian Dispute Resolution Services (IDRS) is a national non-profit Indian organization, founded in 1990 by a consortium of five prominent national and regional Indian organizations. These include the First Nations Development Institute, the Seventh Generation Fund, California Indian Legal Services, the Northern Circle Indian Housing Authority, and the Round Valley Indian Reservation. The Office of National Affairs of the American Arbitration Association was also a member of the consortium.
The Center for California Native Nations raison d'être is to improve the University of California Riverside's capacity to benefit California Indians through its research, teaching, and service. The Center will radiate energy outward, enabling the University to engage fruitfully with California Indians, and it will act magnetically, providing a one-stop nexus for California Indians seeking to tap the great intellectual and analytical power of the modern university. The Center will cultivate and strengthen culturally sensitive competencies and preserve useful institutional memory that can help faculty, staff, students, and tribal members initiate, maintain, share, coordinate, and evaluate positive revitalization projects.
Native American Documents Project Cal State San Marcos has posted Indian Tribes of North America (California), an interactive online version of the California section of the 1952 compilation of ethnographic data by John R. Swanton, with an extensive introduction. Information about native groups can be accessed by clicking on their names on two maps, one for Northern California, the other for Southern California.
As of July 1, 1999, according to population estimates: - The five states with the Largest American Indian and Alaska Native Populations were:
Overall, roughly one-half of the nation's American Indians and Alaska Natives lived in Western states.