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The Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) and the Tribal Law and Policy Institute would like to extend their heartfelt thanks to the following individuals without whom this conference would not have been possible.
Abby Abinanti (Yurok) is currently a Superior Court Commissioner in California for the City and County of San Francisco assigned to the Unified Family Court. Judge Abinanti also serves as the Chief Judge at Yurok, where she was appointed March 1, 2007. She graduated from the University of New Mexico School of Law in 1973. Among her tribal court experience, Abby served as Chief Magistrate, Court of Indian Offenses for the Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation from 1983 to 1986, as an Appellate Court Judge by appointment for Colorado River Indian Tribe in 1994, as a Judge by special appointment with the Hopi Tribal Court 1986, and a Judge by special appointment with the Shoshone-Bannock Tribal Court in 1985.

Jacqueline "Jax" Agtuca (Cherokee) J.D., is the Public Policy Director of Clan Star, Inc. (CSI); a public policy and education institute dedicated to improving justice to strengthen the sovereignty of Indigenous women incorporated under the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. In 1995, Ms. Agtuca joined and helped to launch the newly created Violence Against Women Office, USDOJ. In 1999, Jacqueline became the Deputy Director of the USDOJ Office of Tribal Justice. She is a founding member and serves as a policy advisor for the National Congress of American Indians Task Force on Violence Against Native Women. Since 2002, Jax has worked in collaboration with Native women and organizations to produce tribally based documentary videos to increase awareness of violence committed against Native women. The "Sexual Assault Awareness Walk for Honor, Walk for Justice" is the seventh such video and highlights the growing resistance movement to sexual assault of Native women.

Virginia Ajxup de Zapil (Maya K'iche) is from the town of Momostenango in the state of Totonicapán. She is an Educational Specialist with studies in human rights, a Mayan Spiritual Guide, and the Coordinator of Association Pop No'j. She understands the importance of identity and cultural pride through her elders, and her conviction to cultural recovery, promotion, and the sharing of Mayan culture comes from her family environment. Today her political vision ensures that ethnic identity is included in each proposal. As participation is achieved, the path toward a new day becomes clearer. Constructing one's own history creates inheritance for the next generation; it is the simple expression of human existence based on one's understanding of the world, a world of values, principles, beauty, and wisdom that can create coexistence in justice and dignity. Maltyox che ri keb' oxib nu tzib'. Chueq, kab'ij, nimalaj rutzil chikixo'l ta b'a ri e petinaq.
Patricia Allard (Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians) is the Victim Service Coordinator for the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians Advocacy Resource Center (ARC). She began working with ARC assisting victims of crime as the Assistant Victim Advocate in 2000, and became a Victim Advocate in 2002 and the Victim Services Coordinator in 2008. Patricia has done presentations for the Michigan Coalition against Domestic Violence Sexual Assault and Stalking and for the Women of Color Network on domestic violence issues. She has more than 800 hours of specialized training in domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking. She facilitated a Men's Re-Education Group for more than four years and has worked with tribal, local, and federal agencies extensively.

John W. Anderson joined the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 2005. Special Agent (SA) Anderson has served for five years within the Phoenix Division conducting violent crime investigations on the Navajo Indian Reservation. His casework has primarily consisted of child sex abuse and assault. SA Anderson was recently nominated by the US Attorney's Office in the District of Arizona for the Indian Country Peace Officer of the Year Award.

Janell Andrews-Hill (Anishinabe) is a member of the Otter Clan. Janell has worked in various Domestic Violence and Homeless Outreach Programs in both urban and reservation Communities. Most recently, Janell has worked American Indian community outreach worker and domestic violence advocate in Minneapolis/St. Paul. Janell is trained in Harm Reduction strategies and is a certified HIV/AIDS and STI/D educator. Currently, Janell is a Circle Keeper (board member) of Minnesota Indian Women's Sexual Assault Coalition and AmeriCorps Employment Coach for Lifetrack Resources. Most important though, Janell is the mother to 3 year-old twin daughters. 

Caroline Felicity Antone (Tohono O'odham Nation) has four children and six grandchildren. She has experienced domestic violence, incest, sexual assault, and several suicide attempts. Caroline has worked as a counselor and coordinator for the Pascua Yaqui Tribe, worked in a state prison serving the male population, chaired the Circles of Strength Domestic Violence Coalition, and is a Board Member and Vice Chair with the South West Indigenous Women's Coalition. She received her Alcohol Addiction's Counselor license in 1998 and received her Licensed Independent Substance Abuse Counselor certification in 2004. Caroline created My Brother's and Sister's House, a comic book directed to educating youth on social, cultural, and substance abuse among other issues. She developed a program called "Healing through Media and Art": Learning How to Tell a Story through Videos. In July 2009 the Arizona Diamondbacks Spirit Award was given to her for Native American leadership contribution to Native American youth.

Carolyn Aoyama, CNM, MPH is a certified nurse midwife and a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner. Carolyn serves as the Principle Consultant for Women's Health and Principle Consultant for Advanced Practice Nursing for the Indian Health Service (IHS). Violence against Native women is a central focus of her work. During her career, Carolyn has worked with the World Health Organization, the Centers for Disease Control, the IHS, the Health Resources and Services Administration, the Department of Justice (DOJ), and various Alaska Native Health corporations and tribes on improving health outcomes for women, children, and families. Carolyn is the lead for the Women's Health Demonstration Program and has served as a consultant to the DOJ, Office on Violence against Women, in its revision of the National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations and in the development of its protocol addressing sexual assault of Native people.

Bethany Backes is a Social Science Analyst at the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), where she maintains a research portfolio on a variety of victimization issues related to underserved populations, domestic violence, sexual assault, and teen dating violence. Prior to NIJ, she was the Coordinator of Victim Services for a statewide nonprofit and directed an injury-prevention research and service program at Johns Hopkins University. She has been a health educator for a local health department and a therapist for survivors of rape and childhood sexual abuse. Ms Backes holds a master of social work and a master of public health from the University of Michigan and is pursuing a PhD in social work.

Linda M. Baldwin served as a Project Manager for the New York State Unified Court System's Office of Court Administration prior to joining the US Department of Justice Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking Office. During her seven-year tenure, Ms. Baldwin implemented and expanded statewide initiatives for New York State's sex-offense, mental-health, and drug-treatment courts. As part of her work on the Sex Offense Court Initiative, Ms. Baldwin organized training programs designed to teach and promote best practices for managing the high-risk population of sex offenders; led an effort to create the initiative's mission statement and key principles; and provided technical assistance to the first five sex-offense courts in New York State. Before receiving her law degree from Columbia University School of Law in 1993, Ms. Baldwin worked for five years for the City of New York's Department of Housing Preservation and Development and Department of City Planning. Ms. Baldwin received a master's degree in urban planning from the New York University Wagner School of Public Service in 1989 and a bachelor of arts degree from Amherst College in 1985.

Dianne Barker Harrold (Cherokee) has practiced law for the past 21 years, many of them in Indian country. She served as tribal judge for 13 Indian tribes in Oklahoma and went on to serve as the elected district attorney for eight years in four counties in Northeast Oklahoma. She served as Public Defender for the Chickasaw Nation in Oklahoma and was the defense attorney in the first jury trial ever held in the Chickasaw Nation. For the past four years she has served as Attorney General, General Counsel, and Director of the Legal Assistance for Victims for the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma and now holds the position of Advisor to the Chief. Dianne serves as the Associate Tribal Judge for the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma and has served as an Adjunct Professor at Bacone (Muscogee Creek Nation) College teaching Native American studies.

Mazen Basrawi graduated from law school and became an Equal Justice Works Fellow at Disability Rights Advocates in Berkeley, California. After working at a law firm, Mazen worked on the Obama campaign in Virginia and served as the Disability, Arab-American, and Muslim-American Liaison for the 56th Presidential Inaugural Committee. In July, the Attorney General appointed Mazen to serve as Counsel to the Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights, where he has been working on disability, post-9/11 backlash, and Native American issues.

Bear Spring Singers is a drum group that began in the summer of 1992 to have fun while away from home in Arizona. Today they are known as Bearspring (Shush-bi-toh), which means Bear's spring (water) in Diné. Bearspring was chosen because we were from Shush-bi-toh. We also had a great grandfather named Hosteen Shushbitoh who was a man with great wisdom and many teachings and as well as a medicine man. In that respect we carry on that name. We have traveled far and near and met lots of good people. We hold much respect to all of those we crossed paths with. Today we have learned to look at singing in a whole new way. We all have shared much laughter and some good songs. We enjoy what we do, which is singing for the dancers. Much of the thanks we have go out to all the powwow people and the dancers.

Michelle Begay (Navajo Nation) investigated major felonies occurring on the Tohono O'odham Nation as a police officer from 1996 to 1999, in a joint team effort with the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Safe Trails Task Force. In 1999, she was promoted to Sergeant and supervised the Criminal Investigations Division until she was promoted to Lieutenant in 2003 and was in command of the Patrol, Community Policing, Grants, and Training Divisions. From 1999 to 2007, she served on, among others, the Tohono O'odham Domestic Violence Task Force, Pima County Law Enforcement Managers Association, and Effective Sex Offender Management Task Force. In 2006, she completed the Indian Health Services (IHS) Injury Prevention Fellowship with a focus on interpersonal violence. She served as the Tucson-area representative from October 2005 to July 2007 for the National IHS Tribal Steering Committee on Injury Prevention.

Doris Beresford (La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians) is a 62-year-old Native American woman who is enrolled with the La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians. From 1996 to 2009 she was employed with the Southern California Tribal Chairman's Association. She worked six years for Rincon Indian Health Clinic as an Indian Child Welfare Act Caseworker and eight years as a Temporary Assistance for Native Families Case Manager. Doris has spent many years volunteering with La Jolla tribal committees. Her recent joy has been as a member of the La Jolla Native Women's Advisory Committee working with the tribe's Avellaka Program to address violence against Native women. Doris has built her skills as a listener and encourages women to start their lives over by getting an education and building up their confidence. She is a spiritual leader in her community and loves going to church and sharing her faith. Doris says, "When you believe in the Lord, you can overcome anything."

Barbara Graham Bettelyoun (Rosebud Sioux Tribe) is a Professional Consultant in the field of psychology with expertise in cultural resilience and childhood sexual abuse in Indian country. For more than 15 years, Dr. Bettelyoun has worked with tribes, community groups, Indian nonprofits, and educational institutions on issues of advocacy, historical trauma, and the prevention and healing of childhood sexual abuse. She is a child forensic interviewer and has provided expert testimony about how children disclose abuse. With her husband, Francis Bettelyoun, she co-facilitates psycho-educational healing groups for adult survivors of sexual abuse who struggle with multiple issues of depression, chemical abuse, and relationship difficulties. Together with their tiospaye, they created Buffalo Star People Nonprofit in order to develop a Mother Earth€“friendly, self-sustainable, safe retreat and educational center for individuals, families, and organizations. Barbara serves on the Board of the Native American Children's Alliance.

Francis Bettelyoun (Yankton Sioux), LD, an enrolled member of the Yankton Sioux Tribe, is a public speaker on the unique effects of abuse on boys and men and paths for healing. He co facilitates a healing group in the Twin Cities. Francis shares his own experiences to bring about awareness of childhood sexual abuse and to provide hope and healing to other male survivors and their partners. He discusses the long-term effects of abuse on boys that can linger through adulthood if healing does not begin immediately. He provides hope and encouragement to men that healing can begin at any age, sharing his own journey that began at age 34, through the integration of cultural and traditional practices with Western ways of emotional healing. As Vice President of Buffalo Star People Nonprofit, he is developing a healing retreat center where adult survivors can learn to sustain themselves while healing. He presents programs across the Midwest about the natural, cultural, and organic care of Mother Earth and the use of Native plants in restoring balanced health.

Dolores Subia BigFoot (Caddo Nation of Oklahoma), PhD, an enrolled member of the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, in Oklahoma City. As Director of the Indian Country Child Trauma Center, she directs the adaptation of evidence-based trauma treatments€”the Honoring Children Series€”for use with American Indian/Alaskan Native (AI/AN) children. She is recognized for her efforts to bring traditional American Indian practices and beliefs into the formal teaching and instruction of American Indian people and professionals working with Native populations. Delores developed the Project Making Medicine treatment training manuals for use with AI/AN children exposed to child maltreatment and is funded by the Children's Bureau (Human and Health Services) to train mental-health providers in Honoring Children, Mending the Circle, the culture-adapted trauma-focused cognitive-behavior therapy model. She coauthored, "Helping Indian Parents Discipline their Children" and coauthored the Indian Health Service/Bureau of Indian Affairs' Handbook on Child Protection.

Michele Lynberg Black has been an epidemiologist at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) since she joined the CDC Epidemic Intelligence Service in 1988. While at the CDC, Dr. Black has worked across a broad range of disciplines, including reproductive health, environmental health, and violence prevention. She has been with the National Center for Injury Prevention's Division of Violence Prevention since 2002 and has been working in the areas of intimate partner violence, dating violence, sexual violence, and family violence. She is leading CDC's effort to establish the ongoing National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Surveillance System. Dr. Black has also published work regarding the ethics of asking about abuse and about telephone respondent reactions to being asked questions about violence.

Tillie Black Bear (Sicangu Lakota Nation/Rosebud Sioux Tribe) is an enrolled member of the Sicangu Lakota Nation/Rosebud Sioux Tribe and is on staff with Sacred Circle. She was the Executive Director of the White Buffalo Calf Woman Society, which operates the oldest shelter for women who have been battered or raped on Indian reservations. She is recognized as a leading expert on violence against women and children and is a founding mother of the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCASV) and of the South Dakota Coalition Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (SDCADV&SA). She was the first woman of color to chair NCADV and continues to sit on the Board of Directors for the SDCADV&SA. She has served on the Advisory Board of National Sexual Violence Resource Center and is a past member of the Professional Advisory Board of the National Domestic Violence Hotline. Tillie holds a master's degree from the University of South Dakota, Vermillion, and a bachelor's degree from Northern State University, Aberdeen. 
Philmer Bluehouse (Navajo) has been a lifelong resident of the Navajo Nation. He spent 19 years of his adult life in the area of criminal justice, where he served communities of the Navajo Nation. He is a graduate of the Navajo Police Academy, Arizona Law Enforcement Training Academy, the Federal Bureau of Investigation National Academy, and the US Department of the Treasury's Criminal Investigation Training Division. Mr. Bluehouse is currently involved in the practice of Navajo healing. He involves himself with the original Dineh protocols, and his lifelong effort is to protect, promote, and perpetuate the original Dineh way. He works with the Navajo Nation Department of Child Support Enforcement with the objective of integrating culture and traditions into the program.

Arlene G. Boelter (Hannahville Potowatomi) has loved, cared for, and nurtured children throughout her life. This commitment extended into the board work that she became involved in during the past decade. Born and raised at Hannahville, Michigan, she graduated from Bark River Harris High School in 1952, lived in Wisconsin from 1953 to 1996, and returned to her hometown in 1996. She has been active in her community since her return. Arlene was on the board of the Nahtahwash Hannahville Indian School from 1997 to 2005, participated on the Michigan Indian Elders Association from 2000 to the present, was a member of the Hannahville Indian Community Health Board from 1997 to 2004, and was on the Hannahville Child Welfare Board from 2005 to 2007.

Hallie Bongar White is an Attorney and the Executive Director of the Southwest Center for Law and Policy (SWCLAP). SWCLAP is a tribal technical-assistance provider for the US Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women and serves as the parent organization for the National Tribal Trial College. SWCLAP provides legal training and technical assistance to tribal communities on issues related to sexual assault, domestic violence, stalking, dating violence, abuse of persons with disabilities, firearms violence, sex-offender registration and notification, and abuse of elders in Indian country. She is the former director of the Indian Nations Domestic Violence Law Program and holds a degree in Native American studies from the University of California at Berkeley. She attended the master degree program in American Indian studies and the College of Law at the University of Arizona.

Elsie Boudreau (Algaaciq, St. Mary's, Alaska) LMSW, is a social worker for the Alaska Native Justice Center and is Yup'ik Eskimo from the village of St. Mary's, Alaska. She works in the Alaska Native Unit at Alaska CARES, a Child Advocacy Center. As a prior Children's Justice Act Project Coordinator for the Tribal Law and Policy Institute, she helped develop an educational video project highlighting child sexual abuse in Alaska, grasping the wisdom of elders, and identifying ways of healing to apply to such traumatic experiences. Elsie is a survivor of clergy child sexual abuse and settled a lawsuit with the Diocese of Fairbanks and the Oregon Province. She has a bachelor's degree in social work from Carroll College in Helena, Montana, and a master of social work degree from the University of Alaska Anchorage. She has worked with law firm of Manly and Stewart and the Cooke Roosa Law Group as a Victims Advocate, providing support to approximately 300 victims of clergy child sexual abuse.

The Boyz is a traditional Native singing group within the Northern contemporary style singing category. The 15 members represent several tribal nations including HoChunk, Lakota, Ojibwe, Potawatomi, Cree, Potawatomi, Warm Springs, Yakima, Otoe, Kickapoo, Ponca, Hopi, Shinnecock, Oneida, Menomonie, and Navajo. The group was formed nearly 20 years ago in Minneapolis, Minnesota, as a way to keep these young boys off the streets. They have evolved into a highly accomplished singing group, winning many top honors such as Aboriginal People's Choice Music Award for Best Contemporary Drum Group in 2007, Gathering of Nations World Champion 2007, and Schemitzun Connecticut World Class Champion Singers in 2008. Their CD "Boyz Will Be Boyz" won Best Pow-wow Contemporary CD at the 2010 Aboriginal People's Choice Awards in Winnipeg, Ontario. They were also nominated for a Native American Music Award.
Susanne Breedlove Heckmaster has served as the Oklahoma State Administrator of Victims Services Victim of Crime Act (VOCA) Program and Victim Compensation Board Administrator for more than 26 years. She also is on the National VOCA Board.

Daryl Brown (Choctaw) is employed with Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. From 1997-2004 he served as a vocational rehabilitation counselor for Natives with disabilities. In October 2004, Daryl became a part time victim advocate for the Victims Assistance Program, and a part time faith based counselor. He is currently a full time faith based counselor. Daryl grew up in Southeast Oklahoma, Choctaw County with Choctaw elders and was raised around the church ways. In the 1990's Daryl had a powerful dream that lead him to the Native Ways. He met his Choctaw elder in the dream. The elder was taught the Pipe and Sundance Ways, and when he and Daryl met, and Daryl shared his dream, he began his journey with the Native ways. Daryl began to do Vision Quest's Ceremonies, and to follow the Sundance Ceremonies in 1995. Daryl completed his commitment and began to learn from his Choctaw and Dakota elders, to be a Pipe carrier, and Sundance leader in Oklahoma.

Robert H. (Bob) Brown Jr. is a Team Leader with the Federal, Military, and Tribal Programs at the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC). Mr. Brown's work experience includes more than 34 years in the fields of education, corrections, law enforcement, and federal grants management. In December 2007, he accepted a position with the OVC, and in July 2008 he was designated Team Leader for the Federal, Military, and Indian Country Programs. Prior to OVC, he spent 20 years with the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) working to develop and implement national, tribal, state, and local initiatives through BJA's Discretionary and Formula Grant Programs. Other federal positions that he has held include Discretionary Grants Program Manager, Formula Grants Program Manager, Branch Chief/Community Crime Prevention, Acting Division Director (Discretionary Grants Program Division), and Senior Policy Advisor for Tribal Justice focusing on alcohol and substance abuse, strategic public-safety planning, information technology, tribal courts, and the construction of correctional facilities on tribal lands. Bob began his criminal justice career in 1976 as a correctional counselor for Polk County Court Services of Iowa's Fifth Judicial District. In 1977, he competed for the civil service position of deputy and was selected for employment by the Polk County Sheriff's Office, Des Moines, Iowa. There he served as Jailer, Hearing Officer, Patrolman, Victim Service Coordinator, and as Lead Community Service Officer for the greater Des Moines/Polk County metropolitan area. In addition to the numerous courses and seminars he has completed, his formal education consists of an associate's degree from Grand View College in Des Moines, Iowa, a bachelor's degree from Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa, and Peace Officer Certification from the Iowa Law Enforcement Academy.
Mitch Brown is the Chief of Police for Oroville Police Department and has an extensive background in drug-endangered children efforts. Currently, he assists in the direction of Youth for Change, a nonprofit, public-benefit organization that is licensed by the state of California to provide comprehensive treatment and support services.

Roe Bubar, JD, is an Associate Professor jointly appointed in the Departments of Ethnic Studies and Social Work at Colorado State University. She teaches in the area of indigenous studies, social welfare policy, and women's studies. Her current research agenda examines male violence against women and children in tribal communities; health disparities; Native youth and sexually transmitted diseases and infections messaging; and child maltreatment in tribal communities. Throughout her career she has taught courses in American ethnicity, perspectives on conquest, federal Indian law and policy, indigenous women and children, social welfare policy, research, and human diversity practice. She has worked with violence survivors, tribes, states, federal agencies, and grassroots organizations on gender violence.

Kathryn Campbell is the Executive Director of the White Mountain S.A.F.E. House, a nonprofit domestic violence shelter serving two of Arizona's largest counties: Navajo and Apache. Within that service area are four reservations: White Mountain Apache, Navajo, Hopi, and San Carlos Apache. She developed the Stand Strong Project in 2006 as a coordinated response to Native American victims of domestic violence. Now funded by the Office for Victims of Crime Tribal Assistance Discretionary Grant, the program has expanded and is used as a model for other parts of the country. Currently, the project is engaged in developing a Fatality Review Team in Navajo County for on-and off-reservation jurisdictions (see www.standstrongproject.org and www.wmsafehouse.org).

Sue Carbon is the Director of the US Department of Justice (DOJ), Office on Violence Against Women. Ms. Carbon was nominated to this position by President Barack Obama on October 1, 2009 and confirmed by the US Senate on February 11, 2010. As Director, she serves as the liaison between the DOJ and federal, state, tribal, and international governments on crimes of domestic violence, sexual assault, dating violence, and stalking. In this role, she is responsible for developing the department's legal and policy positions regarding the implementation of the Violence Against Women Act and oversees an annual budget of nearly $400 million. Ms. Carbon was first appointed to the bench in 1991, and served as Supervisory Judge of the New Hampshire Judicial Branch Family Division from 1996 until 2010. She was a member of the Governor's Commission on Domestic and Sexual Violence and chaired New Hampshire's Domestic Violence Fatality Review Committee. She was Chair of the Grafton County, New Hampshire, Greenbook Project, a collaboration of the US DOJ and Health and Human Services to improve practice when child protection cases intersect with domestic violence. She was also Lead Model Court Judge in New Hampshire for the nationwide initiative of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) to improve court practice surrounding child protection cases, focusing on foster care and adoption. Ms. Carbon also served as President of NCJFCJ from 2007 to 2008, and was President of the New Hampshire State Bar Association from 1993 to 1994. Ms. Carbon has also worked with the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts on two of their major initiatives conducted at the Wingspread Conference Center, the Family Law Reform Education Project (FLER Project), and Domestic Violence and Family Courts, dealing with differentiation of domestic violence in cases of child custody. Ms. Carbon has trained judges and other professionals across the country and internationally on topics related to family violence, firearms, child custody, and child protection. She has published extensively on these and other topics, including on judicial selection and retention and judicial administration. Ms. Carbon served as faculty for the National Judicial Institute on Domestic Violence€”a partnership of OVW, the Family Violence Prevention Fund, and NCJFCJ. In September 2006, she chaired Firearms and Domestic Violence: A National Summit for Community Safety, an initiative funded by the DOJ. She also chaired the project, which produced the multidisciplinary Effective Issuance and Enforcement of Orders of Protection in Domestic Violence Cases (The Burgundy Book), a document used throughout the United States and its territories to guide professionals in their work around civil protection orders. Ms. Carbon is a graduate of the University of Wisconsin€“Madison and the DePaul University College of Law. Prior to becoming a judge, she was in private practice for a decade, and previously worked at the American Judicature Society in Chicago on a number of national court reform initiatives.

Randall Carroll retired from the Bellingham, Washington, Police Department as Chief of Police in 2008 after 31 years of service. He has worked extensively on issues related to violence against Native and non-Native women, police officer€“perpetrated domestic and sexual violence, Indian country law enforcement, and cultural change in policing. Randall currently serves as senior faculty for the International Association of Chiefs of Police Leadership Institute on Violence Against Women. Within his own community, he is President of the Executive Board of Womencare Shelter, an agency that serves battered women and children in Whatcom County, Washington. He is President of Profectus Consulting, which provides consultation and training regarding violence against Native and non-Native women, law-enforcement policy and practice, and police culture.

Bethany Case is a Visiting Fellow at the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) within the US Department of Justice. Ms. Case is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with a professional background that includes that of Child Protection Investigator for the state of Louisiana, Crisis Mental Health Provider for the St. Tammany Parish School System (high school level), and Forensic Interviewer at the Hope House Children's Advocacy Center. She works collaboratively with Victim Justice Program Specialists at OVC to develop and implement various projects, programs, and initiatives related to child abuse and neglect, particularly sexual victimization.

Duane Champagne (Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa) is Professor of Sociology and American Indian Studies, a member of the Faculty Advisory Committee for the UCLA Native Nations Law and Policy Center, Senior Editor for Indian Country Today, and Acting Director of the Tribal Learning Community and Educational Exchange. Professor Champagne was Director of the UCLA American Indian Studies Center from 1991 to 2002 and editor of the American Indian Culture and Research Journal from 1986 to 2003. He has written or edited more than 125 publications including Social Change and Cultural Continuity among Native Nations; Native America: Portraits of the Peoples; and The Native North American Almanac. Champagne's research focuses on issues of social and cultural change in historical and contemporary Native American communities, the study of justice institutions in contemporary American Indian reservations, and policy analysis of cultural, economic, and political issues in contemporary Indian country.

Gloria Champion (Comanche) has been the Executive Director of the Home for Women and Children (HFWC) in Shiprock, New Mexico, serving the Navajo Nation for 16 1/2 years. She has provided continual domestic violence education, awareness, and information to the communities, on and off the Navajo Nation, throughout the state of New Mexico, and nationally. Gloria has worked with many diverse populations, and she is a social worker by profession, survivor of domestic violence and sexual assault, and single working mother and grandmother. She is a strong supporter of victim services and family healing and wellness. Her own experience has empowered her with the passion to advocate for victims for 19 years. Her extensive knowledge, utilization, and integration of Native American culture, tradition, and heritage have given HFWC a unique program that stresses the importance of tradition and culture in the healing process.

Chris Chaney (Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma) is an enrolled member of the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma. He serves as a Deputy Director in the US Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of Tribal Justice. From 1992 to 1997, he worked primarily in the field of Indian law, including serving stints as the Prosecuting Attorney for Jicarilla Apache Tribe, Prosecuting Attorney for Southern Ute Tribe, and Administrative Law Judge for the Navajo Housing Authority. From 1997 to 2003 he worked for the DOJ as an Assistant US Attorney in Salt Lake City, where he prosecuted violent crime from Indian country, served as liaison to the eight tribes located in Utah, and served a detail assignment to the Executive Office for US Attorneys' Counsel to the Director's Office. From 2003 to 2008 he served in the Department of the Interior as the Associate Solicitor for the Division of Indian Affairs, Deputy Director for the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Office of Justice Services, and Deputy Director for the BIA Office of Indian Services. From 2008 to the present, he serves as a Deputy Director in the Office of Tribal Justice, where he handles Indian country criminal justice issues. He also serves as an Adjunct Professor at Howard University, School of Law, where he teaches Federal Indian Law.

Robin Charboneau (Spirit Lake Nation) will give individuals suggestions on how to rebuild your life after trauma and codependency. She will share her story of recovering from domestic violence, sexual abuse, and chemical dependency. She will share her struggles through poetry. Her poetry includes "Standing Proud and Standing Tall." Robin is also involved in the documentary film Kind Hearted Woman, which is her Indian name. This will be aired on PBS as a miniseries, and it portrays her life.

Catherine Chen is the Human Trafficking Team Leader for the Office for Victims of Crime Training and Technical Assistance Center (OVC TTAC). Prior to joining OVC TTAC in 2009, she was the Global Anti-Trafficking and Exploitation Specialist at Save the Children. She has developed and implemented anti-trafficking programs, trained nongovernmental organizations and foreign government dignitaries, and conducted research on trafficking and child labor in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Burma, China, El Salvador, the Republic of Georgia, Guinea, Indonesia, Mali, Nepal, and the US Northern Mariana Islands. Ms. Chen received her master's degree in public health from Columbia University and her undergraduate degree from Stanford University.

Bonnie Clairmont (HoChunk) has been an effective advocate for battered women and other sexual assault victims in the Native American community for the past 14 years. A skilled educator and leader, Bonnie was one of the first Native American women in the country to speak out and organize the Native American community to provide culturally appropriate education and services for victims. In 1981, Bonnie began her career in the battered women's movement at Women's Advocates, a shelter in St. Paul, Minnesota. This led to her instrumental role in the creation of Women of Nations, the first organization to address the issue of battering in the Native American community. In 1992, Bonnie initiated the development of the Eagle's Nest Shelter, which provides culturally appropriate shelter services for battered Native American women. Bonnie became the director of the Division of Indian Work Sexual Assault Project in Minneapolis in 1985, where her commitment to sexual assault victims and her community activism skills led her to organize a community response to a series of brutal murders of Native American women. Bonnie is a Victim's Advocacy Specialist at the Tribal Law and Policy Institute's Minnesota office.

Jim Clairmont (Sicangu Lakota) provides spiritual guidance and support to those in need such as victims of crime and abuse. Jim has conducted various healing ceremonies such as the chair ceremony to memorialize victims of homicide and the wiping of tears ceremony. He serves on the Elder's Council at the University of MN offering guidance and spiritual support to Native students experiencing personal problems. He provides spiritual support to patients in hospitals as an "on-call" volunteer Native spiritual advocate. Prior to his retirement, Jim was a teacher for over 20 years in the Twin Cities where he taught Indian Studies, Chemical Health and Lakota Language. He has presented workshops and served on panels on topics such as Appropriate Use of Native Spirituality in Our Work; Sexual Assault & Exploitation Perpetrated by Spiritual Leaders; and Listen to the Grandmothers (on the production of a DVD featuring tribal elders speaking on violence against Indian women) at numerous conferences such as the Indian Nations Victims of Crime Conference, MN Indian Women's Sexual Assault Coalition Conference, Circle of Hope and Healing at the Great Lakes Native American Conference and Offering Hope to Victims in the Spirit of Justice Conference sponsored by the US Attorney's Office, Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Office for Victims of Crime. As a former dancer, and as a lead singer for a well noted drum group, the Porcupine Singers, Jim has been in the pow-wow world all his life and now enjoys emceeing pow-wows and lecturing on the role of the singer, and on Indian history and culture. His pride and joy are his two children, son Lakota (Hokie) and daughter April and his 5 grandchildren and his many hunka children.

Cordelia Clapp (Pawnee), RN, BSN, is a Native American health-care professional and a nationally recognized nurse educator with a passionate interest in decreasing violence against women and sexual assault among children and in eliminating behavioral health disparities among tribal communities. Cordelia is a member of two national boards for the American Heart Association and sits on the local boards of the Dearing House, the Domestic Violence Shelter, and the Memorial Hospital Diabetic Advisory Board, and she chairs the Pawnee Circle of Wisdom Advisory Board. She was recently selected to serve on a work group for the US Department of Justice for the National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examination for Tribes and also on a work group of the Office on Violence Against Women for the National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Evidence Examinations to be used by lay people in Indian country.
Abelinda Classey is a Native American Community Advocate and has been employed with the White Mountain S.A.F.E. House for three months. She is new in this field of work, but she enjoys her job and loves helping and educating Native Americans on the effects and prevention of violence on the White Mountain Apache Reservation along with the Navajo Nation, located in Arizona.

Christine Crossland is a Senior Social Science Analyst with the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). She is responsible for planning, implementing, testing, evaluating, managing, and reporting on social and behavioral science grants, contracts, and studies. Ms. Crossland is currently directing and organizing, in partnership with the Office on Violence Against Women, a research program to examine violence against American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) women. She is also directing efforts at NIJ to develop a broader research agenda on AI/AN crime and justice issues.

Darren Cruzan (Miami Tribe of Oklahoma) is the deputy director in the Office of Justice Services (OJS), Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). He comes to the position from the Department of Defense, Pentagon Force Protection Agency (PFPA). Cruzan brings a wide range of experience to OJS, beginning as a patrolman in 1992 with the Joplin Police Department in Joplin, Mo. He served as a tribal police officer with the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, until 1995, when he was hired by the BIA and assigned to the District II OJS Office in the Eastern Oklahoma Regional Office in Muskogee, Okla. In 1998, he was promoted to the rank of Supervisory Police Officer and assigned to the United States Indian Police Academy (IPA), located at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) in Artesia, N.M. In 2001, Cruzan was promoted to Criminal Investigator assigned to the BIA's Field Office in Portland, Oregon. Cruzan's next promotion was as the Supervisory Special Agent at the Crow Indian Reservation in Montana. In 2004, Cruzan was asked to serve as the Senior Law Enforcement Advisor to the BIA's Associate Director of Operations in Washington, D.C. Cruzan also served as the Indian Country Law Enforcement liaison to the Department of the Interior. In 2006, Cruzan joined the PFPA, as the Assistant Special Agent in Charge of the Criminal Investigative and Protective Directorate. While there, Cruzan supervised the day-to-day operations of the agency's Criminal Investigations Division. Most recently, Cruzan was appointed by the Director of the Pentagon Force Protection Agency as Division Chief of the agency's Recruitment and Medical Division. Cruzan is a graduate of the Federal Bureau of Investigation National Academy (FBINA), Class 224 (2006). He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Criminal Justice Administration from Mountain State University, W.Va. Darren and his wife and their two daughters live in the D.C. area.

Sarah Curtiss (Fond du Lac, Anishinaabe) spent two years working at Dabinoo'Igan Battered Women's Shelter in Duluth, Minnesota, as a Women's Advocate and in a supportive housing facility for young Native women escaping violent relationships. Sarah was the Project Coordinator for the Giiwe Mobile Team for two years and coordinated with five agencies that address housing long-term homeless Native families from a cultural perspective. She is a member of the Oshkii Giizhik Singers, a 2009 Native American Music Award winner for best traditional recording. Sarah is also a member of the Bridge to Change Program, which encourages indigenous leadership and sharing of culture among 18 women from five different countries. She is employed as the Coordinator for the Sacred Hoop Coalition and continues to educate and train on the issue of violence against Native women from a cultural perspective.

Matthew Dale was appointed in October 2001 by Montana Attorney General Mike McGrath to serve as the first-ever Director of the Department of Justice, Office of Consumer Protection and Victim Services. He coordinates work around the state in the areas of dating violence, consumer protection, sexual assault, and domestic violence. His work in the area of family violence includes the Montana Domestic Violence Fatality Review Team. Matthew serves as a consultant for the National Domestic Violence Fatality Review Initiative, giving presentations across the country. He has published in the Fatality Review Bulletin and the journal Violence Against Women. Prior to his position with the state of Montana, he directed a local domestic violence agency for 10 years. He supervises the Montana Crime Victim Compensation Unit, which helps cover medical and mental-health expenses incurred by those who have been victimized by crime.
Cristine Davidson (White Earth Anishinaabe) is the Business and Development Specialist for the Minnesota Indian Women's Sexual Assault Coalition (MIWSAC) and is on the Board of Directors for the Minnesota Network on Abuse in Later Life. Cristine says, "Because I am a survivor of child sexual abuse by a self-proclaimed medicine man, my healing path has been a long journey that led me to MIWSAC. To me, sexual violence is a tricky secretive thing rooted in colonization that we are confronting by raising our collective voices. Addressing sexual violence in a community way is breaking the silence in a most powerful and traditional way. When we come together, dialogue is generated, solutions are created, and healing occurs. All generations take care of each other. By continuing our lifeways like seasonal activities, language learning, and other customs, we naturally restore resilience and identity within our community. This is where my heart is."

Betty Davis (Turtle Mountain Ojibwe) is an administrator within the public schools in Michigan and has been since January 1996. Her sister Sheri, a police officer at the time, was almost beaten to death in December 2005 by her then police-officer husband, who is now serving 7 1/2 years in prison. She has promised herself and the Creator that she will do whatever it takes to educate people that work with victims to try to be a little more supportive and sensitive to the victim and their family, especially when there are police officers involved. Betty and Sheri have made a commitment to share their personal story of that horrific assault. She works on educating youth on healthy relationships and how to recognize an unhealthy relationship. The question that is starting to haunt her is "what do we do now that he will be released from prison?"

Jacob Davis (Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa) is the Project Coordinator of the National Resource Center on Native American Aging at Center for Rural Health at the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences in Grand Forks. In this position, he serves on a state, regional, and national level as an administrative and resource person for American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian aging issues. He provides assistance in the areas of financial management, project development, and grant management. Jacob stays busy through involvement in community, state, and national groups such as the Turtle Mountain Wellness Conference, North Dakota Academy of Science, and the Native Research Network. He is actively involved with issues regarding domestic violence and child abuse in Indian country. He holds a bachelor of arts degree in sociology with a minor in criminal justice from Minot State University.

Jeff Davis is an Assistant US Attorney who prosecutes crime in Indian country.

Kim Day has been working as a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) since 1998, and from 1998 until beginning her position with the International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN) in 2006, she served as the coordinator of a local community hospital SANE Program and the countywide Sexual Assault Response Team. She is a Forensic Nurse Examiner Adult and Pediatric and is board certified by the IAFN as a SANE-A. Since 2006, she has been working as the Sexual Assault Forensic Examiner Technical Assistance Coordinator for the IAFN. She has worked on many national-level projects such as the Prison Rape Elimination Act Medical Protocol Advisory Committee and the National Sexual Violence Resource Center's SANE Sustainability Project. Kim has worked with the Southwest Center for Law and Policy in their National Tribal Trial College presenting webinars and in-person training events for tribal communities.

Sarah Deer (Muscogee [Creek] Nation) is a committed activist in the movement to end violence against Native women. In 2009, she was hired as an Assistant Professor at William Mitchell College of Law, becoming the eighth woman tenure-track law professor in the United States who is also a member of a federally recognized Indian tribe. She is an online Instructor of Tribal Legal Studies at UCLA Extension and former lecturer at UCLA Law School. From 1999 to 2002, Deer was employed by the US Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women. Her work with the Tribal Law and Policy Institute, beginning in 2002, focused on strengthening tribal responses to violent crime. She volunteered as a rape crisis advocate at Douglas County Rape-Survivor Service while working toward her bachelor's degree in women's studies and philosophy from the University of Kansas. She later attended law school and received her Juris Doctor with a Tribal Lawyer Certificate from the University of Kansas School of Law.

Joseph F. Delgado (Tohono O'odham Nation) is a member of the Tohono O'odham Nation and has 18 years in law enforcement with the Tohono O'odham Nation, serving as police officer, Sergeant, Lieutenant, and Assistant Chief of Police until he was selected as Chief of Police in 2008. Chief Delgado is a graduate of 240th session of the Federal Bureau of Investigation National Academy. He takes great pride in providing the leadership in instituting the first Sex Offender Registration laws in Indian country for the Tohono O'odham Nation, which has received national recognition. He is the current President of the Indian Country Intelligence Network in Arizona, serves on the Advisory Council of National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center's Small, Rural, Tribal and Border Center, and is a member of the International Association of Chiefs of Police€“Indian Country Law Enforcement Section.

Kathy Deserly is the Associate Director of the National Resource Center for Tribes (NRC4Tribes), is a graduate of the San Diego State University American Indian Teacher Training Project, and has spent 35 years working in tribal communities on tribal education programs and child welfare. Kathy is a founding Board Member of the Indian Child and Family Resource Center, a Native nonprofit, which provides child-welfare training and technical assistance (T/TA) to tribal and urban Indian communities nationwide. Her experience in Indian child welfare includes 12 years as Assistant Director with a Native foster-family agency, as a Community Development Specialist for the National Indian Child Welfare Association (ICWA), and as an ICWA Specialist for the state of Montana Child and Family Services Division. With the NRC4Tribes, she works closely with the federal Children's Bureau and National T/TA Network. The NRC4Tribes promotes access to no-cost NRC T/TA for tribal child-welfare agency staff. Kathy is married to Lannie Deserly, an enrolled member of the Assiniboine Tribe of the Fort Peck Reservation of Montana and resides in Helena, Montana.

John Dossett is General Counsel for the National Congress of American Indians.

Darrell Dowty (Cherokee) received his Juris Doctor in 1976 from the University of Denver. He is the Director of the Tribal Response and Court Enhancement Strategies Program funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance and administered by the Institute for Native Justice. Darrell currently serves on four tribal benches and has served as a guest lecturer to the Northeastern State University Criminal Justice Studies Program, Facilitator to the Oklahoma Council on Law Enforcement Education and Training, the Oklahoma District Attorneys' Council, the Native American Domestic Violence Coalition, and the National American Indian Court Judges Association.

Helen Echo Hawk Norris (Pawnee) has 13 years experience as the Pawnee/Osage Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) Director and has her bachelor of arts in business administration from the University of North Dakota. As Director, she serves and assists children and their families in the tribal court system in Pawnee and Osage counties. She is passionate about the CASA Program focusing on providing culturally trained court-appointed special advocate volunteers for the Pawnee and Osage County District Court and the Pawnee Nation Tribal Court. Helen's key responsibilities include resource development and maintenance, program planning, community and public relations, personnel management, and fiscal management. She has guided much of the Pawnee/Osage CASA's work in developing national scope training, technical assistance, and other resources to address ongoing and emerging issues in the crime victims' field and to improve the nation's response to crime victims within her tribal community in a culturally traditional way.

Larry Echo Hawk (Pawnee) was confirmed as the Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs on May 20, 2009. President Obama nominated him for the position on April 20, 2009. In this capacity he will oversee and coordinate policy decisions for the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Bureau of Indian Education. A member of the Pawnee Nation, Echo Hawk was elected Attorney General of Idaho in 1990, the first American Indian in US history elected as a state attorney general. He had served as the Bannock County Prosecuting Attorney since 1986. Echo Hawk has served on the American Indian Services National Advisory Board and Board of Trustees and was appointed by President Clinton to the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. He also has served on the Indian Alcoholism Counseling and Recovery House Program and the American Indian Community Resource Center Board. Echo Hawk received his bachelor of science degree from Brigham Young University in 1970 and his Juris Doctor degree from the University of Utah in 1973 and attended Stanford Graduate School of Business's MBA Program from 1974 to 1975. In 1991, Echo Hawk was awarded George Washington University's prestigious Martin Luther King medal for his contributions to human rights.

Lorraine Edmo (Shoshone-Bannock) has been with the Office on Violence Against Women since 2006, in the tribal deputy position. She comes to the Department with more than 25 years' experience working on behalf of American Indian and Alaska Native people in both the Federal and non-profit sector. Ms. Edmo has advocated for American Indian and Alaska Native programs on a national and regional level. She has managed three national Indian education organizations including the federally-chartered National Fund for Excellence in American Indian Education at the U.S. Department of the Interior; the National Indian Education Association in Alexandria, Virginia and the American Indian Graduate Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico. She also worked as a Research & Policy Specialist at the Office of Indian Education, U.S. Department of Education where she worked on implementation of E.O. 13096. She has served on a number of national boards, including AIGC, NIEA, the Committee for Education Funding and the Washington Internship for Native Students. She began her career working for her tribe as a tribal newspaper editor after graduation from college.

Sam English (Turtle Mountain Chippewa) has been an artist all his life and is a recovering alcoholic who advocates for the arts and recovery from alcohol. Sam drank alcohol for 25 years, quitting at age 39. At that point, Sam was a captive of alcoholism and everything in his life destroyed, such as personal integrity and a marriage with three children. On December 10, 1981, Sam had his last drink, went to a men's stag meeting associated with Alcoholics Anonymous (he chooses to break his own anonymity), and has been sober for 25 years. Sam's art career was always in his blood; however, it didn't come alive as a profession until he sobered up. It was at that point that a decision had to be made, and he chose the artist profession knowing that it would be a life of art and poverty, and that it has been. Sam has been fortunate enough to have created approximately 80 poster print images for various American Indian programs. Sam has designed the images for seven of the Indian Nations: Justice for Victims of Crime conferences to date.

Daphne Felten-Green is a Special Counsel to the Office for Civil Rights (OCR), which is part of the US Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of Justice Programs. She has been Special Counsel at OCR for the past 13 years. During that time, she has investigated numerous complaints and compliance reviews of recipients of DOJ funding to ensure adherence with the federal civil-rights statutes. Mrs. Felten-Green has negotiated numerous settlement agreements with recipient agencies to ensure systemic change in policy and practices in order to bring about compliance with federal law.

Jack Fleming is a Program Associate at the National Center for Victims of Crime and project director for the HOPE III: Building capacity in the victim services field grant from the Office for Victims of Crime. Jack has been with the National Center for the last 4 years, specializing in online marketing, outreach and event planning. He spear headed the National Center's integration of new media technologies with traditional communications venues to stimulate the dialogue between all levels of the victim services field, from local service providers to national organizations and the federal government.

Joseph Thomas Flies-Away (Hualapai) is a former Chief Judge of the Hualapai Tribal Court, is a community and nation consultant/facilitator for various organizations and tribal governments, and serves as a pro tempore judge or visiting judge for other tribal trial and appellate courts. Joseph is a graduate of the Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, the Kennedy School of Government, and Stanford University.

Kathryn Ford is a Senior Associate at the Center for Court Innovation, where she addresses the issues of domestic violence, sexual assault, and child abuse through needs-assessment research, dissemination of best practices, and the provision of training and technical assistance, including through the center's Tribal Justice Exchange. She has conducted training workshops for more than 3,000 participants from multiple disciplines. Kathryn also conducts trauma-focused individual and group therapy and provides court support services through the Child and Adolescent Witness Support Program at the Bronx District Attorney's Office. Prior to joining the center, she was a social worker in Safe Horizon's Supervised Visitation Program at Bronx Family Court and an intern in the Kings County District Attorney's Office's Counseling Services Unit. She received a bachelor's degree in psychology and sociology from Tufts University and a master's degree in social work from Columbia University, and she is certified in rape crisis counseling.

Sheri Frederick (Turtle Mountain Ojibwe) has been hired recently as a Criminal Investigator with the Pine Ridge Agency. She had previously worked as a patrol officer with the Turtle Mountain Agency and has completed the North Dakota State Academy, the Indian Police Academy/Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, and Criminal Investigator training in Georgia. She has dedicated her law-enforcement career to helping Native Americans throughout Indian country and educating the public on domestic violence issues. Sheri provides training throughout the nation on domestic violence in Indian country and also presents on officer-involved domestic violence. She has worked on several reservations throughout the nation. Through this experience, she has seen firsthand how domestic violence has become an epidemic and has left thousands of victims of abuse in need of services.

Joye Frost was designated Acting Director of the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) by President Barack Obama on January 20, 2009. Prior to that appointment, Ms. Frost served as the Principal Associate Director for OVC. In that role, she guided much of OVC's work in developing national scope training, technical assistance, and other resources to address ongoing and emerging issues in the crime victims' field and to improve the nation's response to crime victims. She was instrumental in the development of OVC's Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner and Sexual Assault Response Team Training and Technical Assistance Project and has spearheaded a number of OVC initiatives to identify and serve victims of crime with disabilities. She also implemented a discretionary grant program that funds comprehensive services to victims of human trafficking. Since 2001, she has directed OVC's efforts to sponsor the annual observance of National Crime Victims€˜ Rights Week, including an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C., for distinguished service to crime victims that involves the Attorney General. Ms. Frost began her career as a Child Protective Services caseworker in South Texas and has worked in the victim assistance, health-care, and disability advocacy fields for more than 30 years in the United States and Europe, including several years working at the community and headquarters level for the Department of Army. Ms. Frost received a bachelor of arts in anthropology from the University of Texas at Austin and a master of health services management from the University of Mary Hardin€“Baylor.

Michelle Garcia joined the Stalking Resource Center at the National Center for Victims of Crime in April 2006 and has served as the Director of the Stalking Resource Center since October 2006. The mission of the Stalking Resource Center is to raise national awareness about stalking and to encourage the development and implementation of multidisciplinary responses to stalking in local communities across the country. Prior to joining the center, Michelle was a Program Specialist with the US Department of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime. Michelle is a former President of the Illinois Coalition Against Sexual Assault and a former President of the National Coalition Against Sexual Assault. She has trained internationally on various topics, including stalking, sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and dismantling oppression and has received her master of public policy degree from the University of Chicago.

Jerry Gardner (Cherokee), JD, is an attorney with more than 30 years of experience working with Indian tribes, tribal court systems, and victims of crime in Indian country. He is the Executive Director of the Tribal Law and Policy Institute€”an Indian-owned and -operated nonprofit corporation organized to design and deliver education, research, training, and technical assistance programs that promote the improvement of justice in Indian country and the health, well-being, and culture of Native peoples. He was an Adjunct Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law from 1995 to 2000 and Administrator for the National American Indian Court Judges Association from May 1998 to December 2000. He served as the Senior Staff Attorney with the National Indian Justice Center (NIJC) from NIJC's establishment in 1983 until December 1996. He has also worked for the US Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, the national office of the Legal Services Corporation, and the American Indian Lawyer Training Program.

Doug George-Kanentiio (Mohawk Nation, Haudenosaunee Confederacy) is a member of the Bear Clan, Akwesasne Mohawk. He is the former editor of the journal Akwesasne Notes and the cofounder of the Native American Journalists Association. He was a cofounder of Radio CKON, Akwesasne, the only exclusively Native-licensed broadcasting facility in North America. He was a member of the Board of Trustees for the National Museum of the American Indian and is member of the Board of Directors for the World Parliament of Religions. Doug is the author of three books about Iroquois history and culture and is a contributor to many anthologies. He has also served as technical adviser on several films including How the West Was Lost. His next book is The Iroquois Book of the Dead.

Christopher P. Krebs is a Senior Research Social Scientist at RTI International, a nonprofit research organization dedicated to conducting research that improves the human condition. He conducts research and program evaluations in the areas of corrections, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence and sexual violence. Dr. Krebs is studying the victimization of prison and jail inmates, the victimization of women on college campuses, the demographics and dynamics of correctional populations, and violence against American Indian and Alaska Native women living on Indian reservations and in Alaska Native villages. He employs quantitative and qualitative methods in his research and has extensive experience designing studies, developing survey instruments, analyzing data, and publishing results.
Kathleen "Kaught-lane" Gless is a Victim Justice Program Specialist with the Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of Justice Programs, Office for Victims of Crime (OVC). Kathleen serves as OVC's sexual-assault subject-matter expert and works for OVC's National Training and Program Development Division€”which includes projects on Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANEs) and Sexual Assault Response Team (SARTs) initiatives, national training, technical assistance and demonstration site programs, and Human Trafficking Service programs. Kathleen is working with OVC's SART and SANE American Indian/Alaska Native Team to develop a three-tiered initiative to explore the sexual-assault response within tribal communities. Prior to arriving at OVC, Kathleen worked as a Victim Coordinator, Victim Advocate, and Victim Outreach Specialist for victims of sexual assault. Kathleen holds a masters degree in philosophy, conflict analysis and resolution, with a women's studies certificate from George Mason University.

Carole Goldberg is Distinguished Professor of Law at UCLA School of Law and Director of UCLA's Joint Degree Program in Law and American Indian Studies. She is also faculty chair of UCLA's Native Nations Law and Policy Center and founder of UCLA's Tribal Legal Development Clinic. In 2006, she was appointed as a Justice of the Court of Appeals of the Hualapai Tribe. A 1971 graduate of Stanford Law School, she joined the UCLA law faculty in 1972. She is coauthor of a teaching casebook in the field of Indian law and is also coeditor and coauthor for Felix Cohen's Handbook of Federal Indian Law. Professor Goldberg has published extensively on issues of jurisdiction in Indian country, Indian-based classifications, and tribal law. She is co-principal investigator (with Prof. Duane Champagne and Prof. Kevin Washburn) of a National Institute of Justice grant to study the administration of Indian country criminal justice nationwide.
Leila Kawar Goldsmith, JD, is the Child Advocacy Coordinator with the Tulalip Tribes of Washington. She was born in Saudi Arabia and raised in Amman, Jordan, in a bilingual and bicultural home. This tribal experience forms all of her work, both in mainstream and on the reservation. After receiving her bachelor of arts degree from Westmont College in Santa Barbara, California, she did a post baccalaureate year at the University of California at Irvine, where she received her teaching credential. In California, she taught in public schools and in a hospital-affiliated speech and language clinic with children who had learning disabilities and severe emotional disturbances. At Santa Clara University School of Law she was a public-interest scholar focusing on children's issues. Leila has been a Court Appointed Special Advocate, an Attorney Guardian ad Litem, and a Family Law Guardian ad Litem working on high-conflict custody cases.

Juli Ana Grant is a Program Specialist in the Office on Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering and Tracking (SMART) at the US Department of Justice (DOJ). Prior to her position at SMART, she worked for the DOJ's Office on Violence Against Women. Previous to her federal posts, she was the Manager of Sex Offense Management and Domestic Violence Programs and the Tribal Justice Exchange Project at the Center for Court Innovation, where she oversaw development and implementation of sex-offense management programs, specialized sex-offense courts, and domestic violence courts in New York State. Juli was a part of the Tribal Justice Exchange Project Team, working to ensure tribal communities had access to training and ongoing technical assistance about problem-solving community-based practices and encouraging formal collaborations between traditional tribal justice systems and state and local court systems. In addition, she provided technical assistance to states on domestic violence issues.

Michelle Gruzs is a Supervisory Special Agent at the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Chief of the Indian Country and Special Crimes Unit at the FBI's Criminal Investigative Division in Washington, D.C.

Leslie Hagen serves as the Native American Issues Coordinator for the Executive Office for US Attorneys. In that capacity she serves as a liaison and technical assistance provider to the Department of Justice (DOJ) components and the Attorney General's Advisory Committee on Native American Issues. Ms. Hagen also serves as Senior Counsel in the Office on Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering and Tracking (SMART), where she works with 197 federally recognized tribes implementing the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act. Recently she was an Assistant US Attorney (AUSA) in the Western District of Michigan. As an AUSA, she was assigned to Violent Crime in Indian Country handling federal prosecutions and training on issues of domestic violence, sexual assault, and child abuse affecting the 11 federally recognized tribes in the Western District of Michigan. Ms. Hagen has worked on criminal justice issues related to child abuse, domestic violence, and sexual assault for more than 19 years, earning a national reputation as a legal expert and trainer. Prior to joining the DOJ, she served as the staff attorney with the Civil Legal Justice Project for the Michigan Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence and as a specialist in Michigan State University's School of Criminal Justice. From 1997 to 2001, Ms. Hagen served as the Violence Against Women Training Attorney for the Prosecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan. During her 4 1/2 years in that position, Ms. Hagen developed a program that was recognized as "one of the best state-level training programs on violence against women in the country" by the Institute for Law and Justice in Washington, D.C., through an evaluation conducted for the DOJ. Ms. Hagen was the elected Prosecuting Attorney for Huron County, Michigan, for two terms, an Assistant Prosecuting Attorney for Midland County, Michigan, and a Prehearing Division Attorney for the Michigan Court of Appeals. Ms. Hagen is a graduate of Alma College and Valparaiso School of Law.

John Harte (San Felipe Pueblo) is a member of the San Felipe Pueblo and partner in the Mapetsi Policy Group, a federal consulting firm dedicated to strengthening the voice of Indian country with federal policy makers. Harte comes to Mapetsi from the U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs where he served as Policy Director for the Majority under Chairman Byron Dorgan. As Policy Director, John managed a wide range of issues before the Committee, with an emphasis on public safety and justice and economic development. John recently staffed the effort to pass the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010, which was signed into law by President Obama on July 29, 2010. Prior to his work on the Committee, John served as General Counsel and Legislative Director of the National Indian Gaming Association. John also served as Deputy Director of the Office of Tribal Justice within the U.S. Department of Justice under Attorney General Reno where he worked on implementing President Clinton's Indian Country Law Enforcement Initiative. At Justice, John also worked with the Office of the Solicitor to help develop the Government's position on Indian law cases of national importance. Harte received his LL.M. in International and Comparative Law from the Georgetown University Law Center, and his J.D. from the University of New Mexico School of Law. John has taught "Federal Indian Law & Policy" at Catholic University's Columbus School of Law, American University's Washington College of Law, and American University's Washington Internships for Native Students Program.

Michael Heaton joined the National Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) staff in October 2005. As a Program Officer he offers assistance to local, state, and tribal programs in areas of board development, public relations, crisis management, resource development, organizational capacity building, and programmatic growth. He was the director of the Crooked River CASA Program in Oregon, serving Crook and Jefferson counties and the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs from February 1999 until June 2005. Michael is most proud that the program received the 2005 National CASA Association Diversity Leadership Award. He brings a 30-year career in small business ownership and management, strong entrepreneurial skills, and creativity to the local state and tribal programs and the state associations.

Gertrude Ground HeavyRunner (Blackfeet) is a Blackfeet Tribal Elder who has the equivalent of a "Doctor's Degree" in the customs and traditions of her people. Ms. Heavy Runner (Buffalo Head Woman) is the mother of 13 children, including Iris HeavyRunner PrettyPaint as her fifth oldest and Bonnie HeavyRunner, for whom the Bonnie HeavyRunner Victim Advocacy Awards are named, as her third oldest. Throughout her life, Gertrude practiced both her traditional way of life and was taught by her parents how to balance this with her faith in Catholicism. Her parents, John and Mary Ground were long-time keepers of the Thunder Bundle and strong Catholics. Today, Gertrude is the keeper of the Blacktail Bundle for her people and teaches her children the Catholic faith. Over the years, Ms. Heavy Runner traveled with her prayer group to Turkey, Germany, Austria, Rome (Papal Audience), Mexico (Our Lady of Guadalupe), France (Lourdes), Jerusalem, Egypt, and Lake St. Anne in Alberta, Canada.

Sarah Henry is an Attorney Advisor for the National Center on Protection Orders and Full Faith and Credit (NCPOFFC), a project of the Battered Women's Justice Project. The mission of the NCPOFFC is to promote and facilitate nationwide implementation of the full faith and credit provision of the Violence Against Women Act and enforcement of the federal firearm prohibitions and the federal domestic violence/stalking criminal provisions. Prior to assuming the Attorney Advisor position with NCPOFFC, she worked as a teacher. She is a graduate of the University of Colorado Law School.
Jandi Hernandez (White Mountain Apache) is a vigorous member of the White Mountain Apache Tribe and was born and raised in Whiteriver, Arizona. Jandi currently works as the Budget and Grant Analyst for the White Mountain Apache Head Start Program. She also advises the White Mountain Apache Youth Council and volunteers as a Community Representative for the White Mountain Multi-Disciplinary Team, which she assisted in establishing on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation. Jandi received training as a facilitator with the Social Centric Program under Mr. Calvin Terrell and directed numerous youth camps addressing issues of social justice. She is also a trained Firestarter Talking Circle Facilitator with the White Bison Wellbriety Program. During the past three years, she initiated and coordinated the Stand Strong Project, a coordinated community response to domestic violence. She also managed the White Mountain S.A.F.E. House, a domestic violence shelter in North Eastern Arizona.

Eric Holder Jr. was sworn in as the 82nd Attorney General of the United States on February 3, 2009 by Vice President Joe Biden. President Barack Obama announced his intention to nominate Mr. Holder on December 1, 2008. In 1997, Mr. Holder was named by President Clinton to be the Deputy Attorney General, the first African American named to that post. Prior to that, he served as US Attorney for the District of Columbia. In 1988, Mr. Holder was nominated by President Reagan to become an Associate Judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia. Mr. Holder, a native of New York City, attended public schools there, graduating from Stuyvesant High School where he earned a Regents Scholarship. He attended Columbia College, majored in American History, and graduated in 1973. He graduated from Columbia Law School in 1976. While in law school, he clerked at the NAACP Legal Defense Fund and the Department of Justice (DOJ), Criminal Division. Upon graduating, he moved to Washington, D.C., and joined the DOJ as part of the Attorney General's Honors Program. He was assigned to the newly formed Public Integrity Section in 1976 and was tasked to investigate and prosecute official corruption on the local, state, and federal levels. Prior to becoming Attorney General, Mr. Holder was a litigation partner at Covington and Burling LLP in Washington. Mr. Holder lives in Washington with his wife, Dr. Sharon Malone, a physician, and their three children.

Donna Horton (Ahtna Athabaskan), LCSW, CDCS, is an Athabaskan Indian who has been a clinical therapist, providing services to minority people for the past 25 years. She has a significant history of working in the chemical dependency field and providing family preservation as well as individual, group, and family therapy. Donna has been training for, with, and about minorities for the past 15 years and specializes in using traditional healing techniques in all modes of therapy. She facilitates posttraumatic stress disorder, anger management, and pain groups for Native Americans and Alaskan Natives in Anchorage, Alaska, at Southcentral Foundation, a Native corporation-owned and -run health-care corporation that has won awards for outstanding care to Native peoples.

Eileen Marie Hudon (Anishinabe, Crane Clan, White Earth Ojibwe) has 32 years of experience in working with criminal, civil, and tribal courts advocating on behalf of battered women and sexual-assault victims. She cofounded several Native organizations to address violence against Native women including the Native Women's Advocacy Center, Minnesota Indian Women's Sexual Assault Coalition, and Inwewin Wasiswan. Eileen has provided training programs from 1978 until the present addressing violence against women and has provided technical assistance and training to at least 350 of the 560-plus tribal nations. She was instrumental in working on legislation for an amendment to the Minnesota Domestic Abuse Act providing for 16-and 17-year olds to petition civil court for a protection order; Minnesota State Planning Team€“Violence Against Women Act Implementation; Minnesota Supreme Court, Guardian ad litem Task Force; and the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges Family Violence Project, Child Protection Services/Domestic Violence Policy Working Group.

Donna Humetewa (Hopi) is a member of the Tobacco clan from the Village of Hotevilla located in Northern Arizona. She is a trained and Hopi-certified mediator; the Program Manager, Trainer, and Mediator for The Nakwatsvewat Institute (TNI); and a Consultant for the Tribal Law and Policy Institute. She was a Program Director for the Hopi tribal courts, where she assisted in the development of a juvenile and family drug court. Prior to this, she was a Crisis Response Coordinator and Senior Crime Victim Advocate for Coconino County Victim Witness Services. For more than 25 years, Donna worked for various tribal programs, most within the Hopi Department of Human Services. She has become a faculty member and technical assistance provider for, among others, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and the National Tribal Judicial Center. She presently serves as a Board Member of The Hopi School€“Tutuqaiki, is a Board Member of the Hopi Energy Regulatory Board, and a former Board Member of TNI.

Indigie Femme is Elena Higgins and Tash Terry. Elena Higgins. Elena Higgins was born in Aotearoa (New Zealand). Raised in a pakeha (white) foster family she regularly visited her Samoan matrilineal aiga (family) and her Maori whanau (family.) In 1996 Elena migrated to Australia. There she found her voice and passionately pursued her musical sojourn with the love and support from the community on Magnetic Island where she resided. Fired up by the death in custody of a young Aboriginal man on Palm Island in 2003, Elena was determined to use her vocal talent, personality and unique perspective to empower people of all races and creeds. Songwriting has been a platform for Elena to address issues including caring for our environment, indigenous people and women. Elena has been noted as this generations next Odetta. In 2006, Elena moved to the USA to pursue her musical talents. Supporting Native American gatherings and circles, she found her way to New Mexico and in August met Tash. November 2006 saw the birth of Indigie Femme who sends a powerful message of acceptance, tolerance, courage and passion that communicates readily to audiences of all ages, cultures and regions. Their unique combination and energy lifts their audiences to new levels opening pathways through their artistic creations. Tash Terry was raised on the Navajo Nation (Dinetah) was born into the Todich'ii'nii (Bitter Water) clan, and made from the Bilagaana (French and Irish). Her family is from Black Mountain and Big Mountain on the Navajo Nation in Arizona. Her father passed away when she was a child. Growing up on the Navajo Nation left lifelong perspectives that have inspired her goals in life. Blessed and influenced by Native mentors gave Tash encouragement and instruction into the world of music and songwriting. Tash was introduced to a Deaf and Hard of Hearing Navajo family from Lukachukai at an early age. The American Sign Language (ASL) acquisition interested her into the world of Native/Deaf and Hard of Hearing. She continues to learn and interpret American Sign Language for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Cultures. Tash works as an ASL associate freelance interpreter. Tash pursued her education at the Institute of American Indian Arts (IAIA.) She was introduced to other Native perspectives and realized that many stories, concerns and problems faced by her people were shared by other native cultures both nationally and internationally. Tash started her creative process into collaborating with other cultures. She found herself involved in Native Theater, scriptwriting, directing and acting. Some of her works were produced in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Tash continues to gravitate into the worlds of Deaf and Hard of Hearing, and music. She believes in collaboration and seeing perspectives through the eyes of other peoples and cultures. Her work has opened doorways to travel nationally and internationally supporting grass roots organizations.

James Junes (Navajo) and Ernest Tsosie III (Navajo) are from the Navajo Nation. They have been climbing the comedy ladder entertaining audiences around the Southwest and are now breaking into the national scene with their latest DVD titled "James & Ernie-fied 04€”Live in Farmington, New Mexico" by Time and Tide Production. They use their own lives and stories as their weapon in the fight against destructive negative lifestyles that plague all Native peoples. Every performance is packed with tear-rolling humor that passes on important message to all.

Paula "Len" Julian works part-time for the Avellaka Program of the La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians assisting with the development and implementation of the tribe's response to violence against women. She also serves as a knowledgeable resource on the federal response to sexual assault of Native women. She recently joined Sacred Circle as a part-time Outreach Coordinator. Paula has worked with the White Buffalo Calf Woman Society assisting in the provision of a pilot technical-assistance project to tribes, strengthening tribal capacity to establish, maintain, and expand programs and projects to assist victims of sexual assault directly. Prior to this, Ms. Julian spent 11 years primarily as Program Manager at the Office on Violence Against Women (OVW), US Department of Justice. Highlights of her time at OVW include analysis and development of policies affirming government-to-government relations with tribes and the federal trust responsibility. Ms. Julian serves as a Volunteer Advocate at the San Francisco Asian Women's Shelter, Program Assistant at the Family Violence Prevention Fund, and Tribal Subcommittee Member of the Violence Against Women Act Committee.

Lisa Jaeger is a Tribal Government Specialist for the Tanana Chiefs Conference in Fairbanks, Alaska.

Mattee Jim (Zuni) is of the Zuni people clan born for the Towering house people clan, this is how she describes herself as a Navajo. Mattee has extensive experience in HIV prevention, HIV testing and counseling, and community planning on the regional and state level and training in curriculum development, recruitment, project management, and policy development. Mattee is a member and a Co-Chair of the Transgender Task Force for the New Mexico Community Planning and Action Group and is a decision-making member for the Statewide New Mexico Community Planning and Action Group. She is also on a Community Advisory Board for the Transitions Project, which is a program with University of California, San Francisco. Mattee is a National Advisory Board Member for the Center of Excellence for Transgender Health and a Board Member for the Transgender Resource Center of New Mexico. Mattee is a strong communicator, proficient in the Navajo language, and has personal life experiences that allow her to easily connect with high-risk populations on a variety of sensitive topics.
Mike Johnson serves on the board of directors for the Native American Children's Alliance. He has served on the advisory board and as a Consultant to Unified Solutions Tribal Community Development Group, and as a presenter at the Strengthening Indian Nations: Justice for Victims of Crime Conferences and the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Bureau of Indian Affairs child-abuse trainings. Mike was appointed to the National Board of Directors for the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children (APSAC) in 1998 and was President of the APSAC Texas State Chapter. He has been instrumental in helping shape Texas laws relating to child abuse. He has served on the Texas State Attorney General's Sexual Offender Protocol Task Force and Senator Florence Shapiro's Blue Ribbon Committee to formulate the "Ashley Laws." He earned a bachelor's degree in criminal justice with a minor in psychology from Southwest Texas State University in San Marcos.

Shannon Jose (Tohono O'odham Nation) has worked as the Family Resource Coordinator at the Tohono O'odham Nation Domestic Violence Program for about three years. She has more than 15 years of experience in the field of social work and specializes in alcohol and drug abuse counseling. Shannon is an active member of the Tohono O'odham Nations Domestic Violence Circle of Strength Coalition.

Rich Kaplan is a board-certified Pediatric Child Abuse Specialist at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota. He is an Associate Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Minnesota Medical School, the Medical Director of The Center for Safe and Healthy Children, and the Associate Medical Director at Midwest Children's Resource Center. Dr. Kaplan is a 2003 recipient of the US Department of Health and Human Services Commissioner's Award for Outstanding Service in the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect and a 2009 recipient of the Outstanding Front Line Professional Award from the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children. He is a member of the Executive Board of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Child Abuse and Neglect and has been named as the section's representative to the Academy's Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect. Rich established and is the Medical Director of Telehealth Institute for Child Maltreatment.

Rod Kaskalla (Zuni) is the Domestic Violence Coordinator for the Pueblo of Nambe. He is a board member of Tewa Women United, and he conducts, facilitates and trains facilitators for the Men's Group. Rod had worked as a consultant from March 2009-September 2010 with the Pueblo of Santa Clara, Strengthening Native Families Program, conducting, facilitating and training facilitators for their Men's Program. He also works part-time for the Community Against Violence Shelter with the City of Taos, and he helped to establish, develop, conduct, facilitate and continues ongoing process of training facilitators with the "CHANGES" Program, a New Mexico State, Children, Youth and Families Department approved Domestic Violence Offenders Reeducation Program since January 2008. Rod was employed with ENIPC Peacekeepers Domestic Violence Program from 1996-2008 as Batterer's Reeducation Co-Facilitator and Program Director. Rod Kaskalla is from Zuni Pueblo and an artist known for his Channel Inlay Jewelry.

Anne Kirkner is a second-year master's student in the Sociology Department at Colorado State University. She is a victim advocate for survivors of sexual violence. Currently, Anne is working on her thesis, which examines violence against Native women and reporting issues.

Peggy Ellen Klienleder received a bachelor of science in nursing in 1985 and has worked with Fairbanks Women in Crisis Center and schools in Alaska to implement a curriculum on personal safety and domestic violence prevention. She works part-time as a diabetes educator and home health nurse and speaks about child sexual-abuse prevention and healing. Peggy is a survivor of child sexual assault. Her experience of being kidnapped and molested at gunpoint when she was 11 shaped her life in positive and negative ways. Her strength lies in recognizing the true harm she experienced, acknowledging the huge impact of sexual violence on individuals and society, and allowing that deep, personal knowing to inform the healing gifts that she brings to the world. It was what she faced as a child that helped her to create the characters of The Thursday Group: A Story and Information for Girls Healing from Sexual Abuse, coauthored with Kimber Evensen.

Mary Lou Leary joined the Office of the Assistant Attorney General at the Office of Justice Programs in May 2009 when she was appointed Deputy Assistant Attorney General. She was named Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General in September 2009. Prior to that, she served as Executive Director of the National Center for Victims of Crime, a private nonprofit in Washington, D.C., for four years. From 1999 to 2001, Ms. Leary's service at the US Department of Justice included acting Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice Programs, Deputy Associate Attorney General for the Office of the Associate Attorney General, and acting Director of the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. Ms. Leary has also served as US Attorney, Principal Assistant, and then Senior Counsel to the US Attorney for the District of Columbia, and Chief, Superior Court Division. Her career included extensive trial and grand jury experience as Assistant US Attorney in the District of Columbia and Assistant District Attorney in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.

Andrea LeStarge was hired by the US Attorney's Office€“Western District of Wisconsin as the Federal Program Coordinator for the Wisconsin Alliance for Drug Endangered Children Program in September 2007. She coordinates state and local efforts and has an extensive background in training. Andrea serves as Chair for the Data Collection Working Group and is an active member of several other working groups for the National Alliance for Drug Endangered Children. She obtained her bachelor of science degree in secondary education and certificate in criminal justice in 2004 from the University of Wisconsin€“Madison. In 2009, Andrea completed her master's degree in criminal justice with an emphasis on victimology.
Paul Lochner is an Assistant US Attorney who prosecutes crime in Indian country.

Linda Logan (Oklahoma Choctaw) has more than 20 years of experience working with Native American communities. In 2005 she assumed the position of Executive Director for Native American Children's Alliance, where she works with its board of directors to assist tribes and urban Indian programs establish children advocacy centers and multi-disciplinary teams. Linda is involved in developing partnerships with other national organizations to promote child-advocacy services and other community response to child maltreatment for Native American communities. She serves on the National Indian Child Welfare Association Board of Directors and chairs its Program Committee and serves on the National Children's Alliance Board of Directors as an ad hoc member. She holds a bachelor's degree and master's degree in social work from Boston College. She has designed and implemented several mental-health and substance programs to serve Native American youth and is the founder and President of Native American Pathways.

Guadalupe Lopez (Anishinabe, Leech Lake Ojibwe) works with the Minnesota Indian Women's Sexual Assault Coalition as the Membership and Outreach Coordinator. She is a Volunteer Sexual Assault Advocate for Sexual Offence Services in Ramsey County. Prior to her employment with Minnesota Indian Women's Sexual Assault Coalition, she worked for Woman of Nations in Saint Paul, advocating on behalf of battered women.

Therese Roe-Lund is the Director of Program and Staff Development for ACTION for Child Protection. Terry manages projects related to organizational and program improvement and professional development for agency staff. She develops and provides consultation regarding organizational development, decision making in child welfare, supervision, and management of staff and workload. She is the Associate Director of the National Resource Center for Child Protective Services, provides technical assistance to states and tribes regarding case practice and decision-making issues regarding child protective services (CPS), and assists with building program capacity to comply with the federal Child and Family Service Review outcomes. Prior to joining ACTION, she was the Director of the Bureau of Milwaukee Child Welfare, where she designed and implemented the program and budget for a new child-welfare system in Milwaukee County. Terry received her degrees from the University of Wisconsin€“Madison. She has extensive experience in state CPS office planning and analysis.

Anna Marjavi has worked with the Family Violence Prevention Fund (FVPF) since 1999. Between 2002 and 2009 she managed the Indian Health Service (IHS)/Administration for Children and Families Domestic Violence Project piloting domestic violence system-change work in more than 100 Indian, tribal, and urban health-care facilities and community advocacy programs. During that period, the IHS Government Performance Results Act domestic violence screening rate climbed from 4 percent to 48 percent nationally. Anna coordinates the Department of Health and Human Services€“funded National Health Resource Center on Domestic Violence and the biennial National Conference on Health and Domestic Violence. She organizes health professional students on domestic violence activism nationwide and manages FVPF's graduate-student internship program. Prior to working with the FVPF, she worked with the Human Rights Campaign, with the Alliance for Justice, and as a volunteer with Communities United Against Violence, Project Open Hand, and Friends of the Urban Forest.
Nicole Matthews (White Earth) is the Executive Director for the Minnesota Indian Women's Sexual Assault Coalition (MIWSAC) a stateside coalition for American Indian Sexual Assault Advocates in Minnesota. Prior to her employment with MIWSAC, she worked in Mille Lacs Country, Minnesota, as the Sexual Assault Services Coordinator for Pearl Crisis Center. She received her bachelor of science degree from St. Cloud State University in applied psychology including a minor in human relations and multicultural education. Nicole is also the proud mother of three beautiful children who give her the strength and motivation to continue working to end the violence perpetrated against women and children.

Linda McLaughlin is the Victim Advocate/Trainer for the Alaska Native Justice Center (ANJC). She meets with families affected by domestic violence or sexual assault. Linda works with other service agencies to provide a more thorough base of services to families in Alaska. Rural folks relocate to town for many reasons and seek assistance from the ANJC. She conducts custody and divorce clinics and is available to provide a Native and cultural component to conferences when requested. As a Trainer for the ANJC, she collaborates and presents at domestic violence and interpersonal-violence conferences, is committed to the wellness of the Native peoples of Alaska, and finds that a proactive approach toward systemic change is challenging and rewarding.

Shannon Meyer has worked in the area of violence and victimization for 25 years. She has conducted court evaluations and provided treatment to more than 5,000 domestic violence perpetrators and has advanced clinical training in trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder. Dr. Meyer has published extensively in professional journals and is considered a national subject-matter expert by the Office of Justice Programs and National Institute of Justice. She conducts national and international trainings for tribal and nontribal law enforcement, prosecutors, advocates, and social-service providers regarding best-practice approaches to violence against Native and non-Native women. She is an Indian Country Victim Specialist with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, where she serves tribes in Washington State.

Kymberley S. Miller (Athabascan) is an Indian of the Ingalik Tribe from Anvik, Alaska. She grew up in Anvik, a small village of approximately 100 people has dedicated her life to helping all Alaska Natives and American Indians and has worked in child advocacy and rights for the last 10 years. Kymberley and her husband, Patrick Miller, who is Inupiaq Eskimo from Nome, Alaska, have three sons who live in Kenai, Alaska, where Kymberley works for the Kenaitze Indian Tribe, also an Athabascan Tribe. She is the Coordinator for the Kenaitze Indian Tribe Court Appointed Special Advocate Program. She attended the University of Alaska in Fairbanks and Anchorage, under the bachelor of arts justice program and minored in psychology. Kymberley is an ex-officio Board Member of the Friends of Alaska Court Appointed Special Advocates, former foster parent, former mentor for the National Guard Youth Corps Challenge Program, and a previous research assistant for the University of Alaska Anchorage Justice Department, focusing on Alaska Natives in corrections and the criminal justice system.
Tanya Miller-Glasgow joined the Office for Victims of Crime, as a Victim Justice Program Specialist in December 2008. At the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), her responsibilities include enhancing the Nation's capacity to assist crime victims and provide leadership in changing attitudes, polices, and practices to promote justice and healing for all victims of crime. Currently, she manages OVC's Counseling and Faith-Based Services for Crime Victims in Indian Country Grant program; Training and Technical Assistance for Counseling and Faith-Based Services for Crime Victims in Indian Country Grant program; DOJ's Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation €“ Purpose 7: Tribal Elder Outreach Program; and Training and Technical Assistance for Federal agencies with Victims Assistance Programs. Additionally, she provides literature to support Unified Solution's Training and Technical Assistance Newsletter.

Angela Moore is the Division Director for the Justice Systems Research Division with the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). Dr. Moore is responsible for planning, developing, implementing, evaluating, and disseminating results derived from grants, contracts, and interagency agreements. She manages the day-to-day operations of the division. Prior to her current appointment, Dr. Moore served as Chief of the Violence and Victimization Research Division and Associate Director of the Office of Research and Evaluation. She cofounded NIJ's Violence Against Women and Family Violence Research and Evaluation Program in 1998. She received her PhD in criminology from the University of Maryland and her bachelor's degree and master's degree from the Pennsylvania State University.

Pam Moore brings 30 years experience with program planning and proposal writing, nonprofit administration, community organizing, and special-events fundraising to her work as a Trainer and Consultant. She is the Founding Director of Help in Crisis with 10 years of experience operating a rural domestic violence and sexual-assault crisis-intervention and shelter organization located in the capital of the Cherokee Nation. Her focus is on volunteer recruitment and training, interpersonal and communication skills training, and building the capacity of organizations to serve victims of crime. In 1995, under the direction of District Attorney Dianne Barker Harrold, she created the first Victim Services Unit for District 27, covering four counties in northeast Oklahoma. The unit brought such cutting-edge practices as closed-circuit testimony for children and the first Crime Victims Clinic concept for responding to multiple victimization incidents in rural areas. She has trained law-enforcement personnel for the Oklahoma Regional Community Policing Institute.

P. Micheal Murphy is the Coroner for the Clark County Office of the Coroner/Medical Examiner and has been with the office since 2002. While serving as coroner, he was the Interim Director of Juvenile Justice Services for Clark County for more than six months in 2005. As coroner, Dr. Murphy brings more than 30 years of law-enforcement and public-service experience to the position, from working as an entry-level police officer in Kansas City, Kansas, to serving as Chief of Police in Mesquite, Nevada. He has worked for several municipalities including Boulder City, Mesquite, City of Las Vegas, and now Clark County.

Elton Naswood (Navajo) is of the Near to the Water People Clan born for the Edge Water People Clan. His maternal grandfather's clan is of the Mexican People, his paternal grandfather's clan is of the Tangle People. This is how he is Navajo Diné. He is originally from Whitehorse Lake, New Mexico, and grew up in Window Rock, Arizona, on the Navajo Reservation. Elton is the Project Coordinator for the Red Circle Project, a Native American HIV-prevention program at AIDS Project Los Angeles and served as a member of the advisory board for the National Native American AIDS Prevention Center. He also is a consultant for Advancing HIV/AIDS Prevention in Native Communities at Colorado State University. Elton previously worked as program manager for the Tribal Law and Policy Institute on projects such as the Healing to Wellness (Drug) Court Initiative, the Hualapai Nation Child Abuse and Neglect Program Review, and the Tribal Legal Studies editorial review board. He serves on the American Indian/Alaska Native Victim Assistance Academy Development Committee. Elton received his bachelor of arts degree in sociology and American Indian justice studies from Arizona State University and is a candidate for a master's degree in American Indian studies at UCLA.

Star Nayea (First Nations Anishnabe) offers wellness prevention through the Healing Power of Music. A 2006 Native Grammy Artist and 2008 Native American Music Awards Song Writer of the Year; national and international entertainer, singer, and songwriter; national and international wellness and prevention specialist; youth/teen/young adult and adult mentor; independent business owner; and single mother, Star Nayea is more than just tuned in to our youth. She directly identifies with all that youth faces today and is extremely proud to announce that she still maintains a completely 100 percent drug-and alcohol-free lifestyle. No tobacco is used unless it is for ceremonial purposes.

Arlene O'Brien (Tohono O'odham) is the Program Manager for the Southwest Center for Law and Policy (SWCLAP) and has been employed with SWCLAP since November 2003. Arlene is responsible for the coordination of the trainings and the administrative tasks. She is originally from the small village of Gu Vo, Arizona, where most of her family resides. Prior to joining SWCLAP, she served as the Executive Assistant to Chairman for the Tohono O'odham Nation in Sells, Arizona, providing administrative support.

Ruth Oja is a Victim Advocate in the Hannahville Indian community and has worked with the community to address domestic and sexual violence against Native women.

Deb Painte (Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation) MPA, is a member of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation (Three Affiliated Tribes) of the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation in North Dakota. Ms. Painte is currently the Director of the Native American Training Institute, a partner of the National Resource Center for Tribes. She was formerly employed as a System of Care (SOC) Specialist with the NATI and was the Project Director for the Medicine Moon Initiative To Improve Tribal Child Welfare Outcomes through System of Care funded by the DHHS ACY Children's Bureau. She has over eleven years directing a SOC initiative in tribal communities; with five years of experience directing a child welfare-led SOC and six years' experience in developing tribal mental health led SOC. Ms. Painte was the former Project Director for the Sacred Child Project, a Center for Mental Health Services children's mental health service implementation grant on the four reservations in North Dakota. She has over twenty-five years of experience working in or with tribal communities in the area of strategic and program planning, community development, program administration, policy development and analysis, tribal advocacy, community mobilization and engagement, training, technical assistance, tribal human service funding strategies, program evaluation and research in tribal communities.

Beverly Patchell (Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma) is an Assistant Professor at Oklahoma State University and Co-Director for the Center for Cultural Competency and Healthcare Excellence. She is an enrolled member of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma. Her family survived the Trail of Tears, Oklahoma settlement and land allotment, boarding schools, and the termination policies of the US government and the state of Oklahoma. Beverly received her bachelor and master of science degrees in nursing from the University of Oklahoma. She has been a Clinical Nurse Specialist in psychiatric and mental-health nursing for 20 years and has certifications in the psychiatric and mental-health care of children and adolescents and in nursing administration (advanced) through the American Nurses Credentialing Center. Her research area of interest is in how the confluence of cultural history, education, and belief systems interact and affect identity formation in American Indian children and youth and influence illness and disease.

Jane Palmer is a PhD candidate in the Justice, Law, and Society Program at American University. She received her master's degree from the Jane Addams School of Social Work at the University of Illinois at Chicago and her bachelor's degree in sociology from Smith College. She has 10 years of direct service and nonprofit management experience in Chicago and St. Louis in the fields of violence prevention and intervention in domestic violence, sexual violence, teen dating violence, and child abuse and neglect.

Kyle Pape is a first-year master's student in the Ethnic Studies Department at Colorado State University. He is involved in several research projects with Native peoples, HIV/AIDs, and violence.

LaVonne Peck (La Jolla), Tribal Chair for the La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians, has nearly thirty years of experience working with tribal governments and advocating for women's rights. She sits on the Fee to Trust Consortium. Tribal Chair Peck works directly with the BIA and Indian Health on many projects. She has directly managed all types of government grants including those for housing, energy, new construction, fire stations, land use planning, economic development and water rights.

Ada Pecos Melton (Jemez Pueblo) has been President and Owner of American Indian Development Associates, a 100 percent Indian-owned training and technical assistance, research, and evaluation firm since 1989. She has more than 30 years of experience working on Indian crime, delinquency, violence, and victimization issues, in particular, the advancement of the use of indigenous justice philosophy, methods, and traditions to address the aforementioned issues. Ada founded and manages the New Mexico Tribal Crime Data Project and the New Mexico Tribal [Juvenile] Justice Council aimed at improving the quality of life for Indian people. She is a recipient of the 2005 YWCA Women on the Move Award and the 1998 Outstanding Achievement Recognition for Advancing the Needs of Indian Children from the US Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. She has a master's degree in public administration and bachelor's degree in criminal justice.

Steven W. Perry is a Statistician for the US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). He is a member of the Prosecution and Adjudication Statistics Unit. He serves as the National Program Manager for the statistical data collection, analysis, publication, and dissemination for the National State Court Prosecutors series, the Justice Expenditures and Employment Program, and the development of the Indian Country Justice Statistical Program. Steven serves as the Indian Country Justice Statistics liaison and recently served as the Manager for the Recovery Act: Tribal Crime Data Collection, Analysis, and Estimation Project. Prior to joining BJS, he served as a Survey Statistician for the US Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, measuring the effectiveness of the Personal Responsibility and Reconciliation Act. Steven holds a master of arts in sociology with a minor in survey methodology from Ohio State University and a bachelor of arts in sociology with a minor in criminal justice from Norfolk State University.

Jennifer Pierce-Weeks, RN, SANE-A, SANE-P, is Past-President of the International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN) and has served on the IAFN Board since 2006. She is Coordinator of the Forensic Nurse Examiner at Memorial Hospital in Colorado Springs, and previously served for 12 years as the Director of the State of New Hampshire Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Program. She has 23 years nursing experience, is an educator and expert in the areas of child and adult sexual assault and domestic violence, is a contributing author for several Attorney General protocols in New Hampshire, is published in the Journal of Emergency Nursing and the Journal of Forensic Nursing, and is a consultant on the National Sexual Violence Resource Center National SANE Sustainability Project. She has extensive experience as a local and national trainer and is a writer for the adult and the pediatric SANE certification programs through the IAFN.

Michael Pins is a Sault Tribe Law Enforcement Criminal Investigator and is responsible for the investigation of the crime and completing and submitting the Indian country checklist.

Cathryn Potter, MSW, PhD, is the Executive Director of the Butler Institute for Families at the University of Denver, a technical assistance and research group that works across the country on multiple local, state and federal projects. She is currently leading the Butler team in the evaluation of four HHS-ACF Children's Bureau Grants, including a Child Welfare €“TANF integration project, the National Resource Center for Tribes, the National Child Welfare Workforce Institute and the Mountains and Plains Implementation Center. In addition, the team is implementing a Children's Bureau funded study, Western Workforce, which is testing the effectiveness of an organizational intervention in three western sites, including one tribal site, and is providing research support to a collaborative minority over-representation study led by the Denver Juvenile Court and the Denver Department of Human Services.

Iris HeavyRunner-PrettyPaint (Blackfeet/Crow) received her PhD in social work from the University of Minnesota. Dr. PrettyPaint is an educator, researcher, and leading authority on cultural resilience and indigenous evaluation. Iris has been dedicated to community-based education, advocacy, and prevention for more than 30 years. She was recognized for her dedication by being chosen as a member of the American Indian Graduate Center's Honorary Advisory Council of One Hundred Leaders, Scholars, and Traditionalists. At Kauffman and Associates, Iris serves as Project Director for Native Aspirations, a national Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Training and Technical Assistance Project engaging 49 American Indian/Alaska Native communities in addressing youth violence, bullying, and suicide.

David Raasch (Stockbridge-Munsee Band of Mohican Indians) is an enrolled member of the Stockbridge-Munsee Band of Mohican Indians and is a Tribal Program Specialist at Fox Valley Technical College's Criminal Justice Center for Innovation (FVTC-CJCI), which provides technical assistance to Native American communities throughout the United States. He also serves as an Associate Judge for his tribe's tribal court. Prior to joining FVTC-CJCI, David was a police officer in Shawano, Wisconsin, and then was the Clerk of Municipal Court for the city of Green Bay, Wisconsin, for 20 years, retiring in 2004. From 1995 to 2005 he was the Chief Judge of his tribe's tribal court. Raasch is on the faculty of the National Judicial College in Reno, Nevada, the Vice President of the Board of Directors for the Tribal Law and Policy Institute, and a past president of the Wisconsin Tribal Judges' Association. He is the producer of Tribal Nations: The Story of Federal Indian Law, which is a 60-minute documentary, and is a national speaker on topics of reparative justice, peacemaking, and developing cross-jurisdictional relationships.

Ed Reina (Tohono O'odham Nation) is the Director of Public Safety for the Tohono O'Odham Nation and Chair of the International Association of Chiefs of Police's Indian Country Law Enforcement section. Ed's experience dates back to the 1970s and includes serving as Chief of Police for the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community and the Fort McDowell Yavapai-Apache Indian Community. His involvement in professional associations includes serving two terms as General Chair of the Indian Country Law Enforcement section of the International Association of Chiefs of Police. He received an award for public service from Arizona's US Attorney at the US Department of Justice in 1986 and a commendation from the Attorney General of the United States in 1990. He chaired the efforts for and coauthored the Crime in Indian Country Report and provided technical assistance to the Narragansett Indian Tribe of Rhode Island to develop a tribal police department.

Melissa Estelle Riley (Mescalero Apache Tribe), MEd, is the Children's Justice Act Project Director for Unified Solutions Tribal Community Development Group, which provides technical assistance to Native/Alaska Native organizations responsible for administering crime-victim services to Native/Alaska Native victims of crime in Indian country, performs program evaluations and assists Native/Alaska Native organizations to conduct need assessments for victim-service programs, and conducts research on victim services in minority populations and current trends in victim services and justice programs. Melissa coauthored a 10-module training curriculum for Faith-Based Grantees, successfully performed a nationwide onsite program evaluation for current Department of Justice grant recipients, and received recognition from the White House Faith-Based Task Force for progress in technical assistance services for Indian country.

David Rogers (Nez Perce) is a 35-year criminal justice professional who has served as Chief of Police for the Makah Nation and as the first Chief of Enforcement for the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Enforcement unit, which provided services to the four Treaty-Tribes (Nez Perce, Yakama, Warm Springs, and Umatilla) on the Columbia River. He served nine years as a Probation Officer and Court Commissioner for the District Courts of Clark County in Vancouver, Washington. For four years he was the Program Manager for the Western Community Policing Center providing community policing training for the CIRCLE Project and the Tribal Resource Grant Program to more than 250 tribes in 32 states on behalf of the Community Oriented Policing Office initiatives for Indian country. Dave is the Tribal Law Enforcement Program Specialist for Fox Valley Technical College Criminal Justice Center for Innovation in Neenah, Wisconsin, and is the Director of the National Indian Youth Police Academy.

Jane Root (Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians) has been the Director of the Maliseet Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Response Program for the Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians since 1998. She served as the Project Coordinator for the Indian Health Service (IHS) Administration for Children, Youth and Families (ACYF) Domestic Violence Pilot Project from 2002 to 2008. She served on the US Attorney General's National Advisory Committee on Violence Against Women from 2005 to 2007. She developed and facilitates the annual Wabanaki Women's Family Harmony Retreat, has served on the Steering Committee for the National Conference on Health and Domestic Violence since 2007, and is a member of the Maine Commission on Domestic and Sexual Abuse and the Aroostook County Task Force on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault. She is a senior faculty member of the IHS ACYF Violence Against Women Pilot Project and a member of the IHS Women's Health Advisory Board.

André Rosay is the Director of the Justice Center at the University of Alaska, Anchorage, and a member of the Board of Directors for the Alaska Native Justice Center. He is actively involved in research and service to reduce violence against women in urban and rural Alaska. With significant federal and state funding, Dr. Rosay has worked closely with tribal and state partners to transform research into policy and practice. He has extensive experience designing and implementing programs of research in Alaska Native communities. He was a consultant for the Section 904 Task Force (2005 Violence Against Women Act Reauthorization, Public Law 109-162, title IX, sec. 904[a]) and is a consultant for the current Violence Against Indian Women in Indian Country Study funded by the National Institute of Justice. He recently received an Ulu Award from the Alaska Native Justice Center recognizing his dedication and support to collaborative justice research in Alaska.

Rich Rosky is one of three regional coordinators for the High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTA) National Methamphetamine and Pharmaceutical Initiative funded through the President's Office of National Drug Control Policy. He provides support services to the Arizona, New Mexico, and Nevada HIDTAs by coordinating training events, special projects, and strategy meetings and by acting as a regional source for methamphetamine and pharmaceutical trends and intelligence information. Rich is the Arizona contact for drug-endangered children efforts.

William F. See is a Management and Program Analyst for the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Criminal Justice Information Services Division. He began in February 1997 and worked on the Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System from 1997 to 1999 and the National Instant Criminal Background Check System from 1999 to 2000. William served as auditor for the FBI's National Crime Information Center and Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program from 2000 to 2007. In 2007, He joined the UCR program office as part of the UCR redevelopment initiative. His primary responsibilities include Indian country and the implementation of the human-trafficking data collection.

Pat Sekaquaptewa (Hopi) is the Executive Director of The Nakwatsvewat Institute, which is a nonprofit organization committed to furthering governance, justice, and education projects in Indian country. She serves as a Justice pro tempore with the Hopi, Hualapai, and Little Traverse Bay Band tribal courts and is a trained mediator. For the past six years she served as the Director of the UCLA Native Nations Law and Policy Center and its Tribal Legal Development Clinic. At UCLA, as a full-time Lecturer-in-Law, she provided instruction in constitution and statutory drafting as well as tribal-court development and trained and supervised law-student clerks for the Hopi Appellate Court. She taught Nation Building in UCLA's American Indian Studies Program and is the cofounder and former Associate Director of the Tribal Law and Policy Institute, where she worked in the field with more than 100 different tribes on their justice-system development work.
Wendy Schlater (La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians) is an enrolled member of the La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians and has served her tribe as the youngest Tribal Chairwoman. Wendy has earned a degree in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) at the Pacific College of Oriental Medicine in San Diego. Her interest in healing began as a young girl when she would help her mother care for the elders of her tribe. Wendy's goal is to use these TCM teachings to help revive American Indian and Alaska Native teachings on natural healing arts in order to improve the quality of life for Native people. Wendy has advocated for tribal youth health and education issues and safety for Native women by developing innovative ways to create tribal responses and programs respectful of Native customs and traditions. She led efforts to organize a historic 2010 Sexual Assault Awareness Walk on the La Jolla Indian Reservation that had more than 250 walkers participating. Wendy practices as a Holistic Health Practitioner and works for her tribe and as Program Director of La Jolla's Avellaka Program addressing violence against Native women.

Joanne Shenandoah (Oneida Nation) is a member of the Wolf Clan of the Oneida Nation, of the Haudenosaunee Six Nations Iroquois Confederacy. She is a Grammy-winning Native artist from the Wolf Clan, Haudenosaunee Confederacy. Mrs. Shenandoah has recorded 15 albums and been presented with a record 12 Native American Music Awards. She received an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Syracuse University in 2002, the first ever given to a Native performer. Mrs. Shenandoah has performed at venues ranging from Woodstock €˜94 to the White House. Mrs. Shenandoah wrote a symphony called "Skywoman," which premiered with the Syracuse Symphony in 2002. She was profiled by PBS as one of the most outstanding Native performers in America. Ms. Shenandoah released her 15th album "Bitter Tears: Sacred Ground" on December 31, 2008.

Roshanda Shoulders is a Program Specialist for the Children's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, US Department of Health and Human Services in the Capacity Building Division. She is the Federal Project Office for the National Resource Center for Tribes, In-Home Services, and the Training and Technical Assistance Coordination Center. Roshanda has been in child welfare for more than 10 years. Roshanda has worked in child welfare as a social worker at the Department of Social Services in Connecticut and at the District of Columbia Child and Family Services Agency. In addition, she was a social worker at Yale Child Study Center.

Ernest Siva (Cahuilla/Serrano) grew up on Morongo Indian Reservation, Banning, California, and learned the Serrano language and culture at home. Smith earned his bachelor's and master's degrees in music education and choral music from the University of Southern California. Siva serves as Tribal Historian and Cultural Advisor for the Morongo Band of Mission Indians and serves on the Board of Directors of the California Indian Storytelling Association, the Board of Trustees of Idyllwild Arts, and the Board of the Riverside Arts Council (serving the Inland area). He is Artistic Director of the Pass Chorale, a community chorus in the San Gorgonio Pass area. He is founder and President of the Board of Directors of Dorothy Ramon Learning Center and Ushkana Press, saving and sharing all the Southern California American Indian cultures, languages, history, and traditional arts. He is also president and founder of Dorothy Ramon Learning Center, where he serves as Distinguished Guest Artist in Native American Culture at California State University, San Bernardino.

Honorable Barbara Anne Smith (Chickasaw) is a Chickasaw citizen who has been a Supreme Court Justice for the Chickasaw Nation, Ada, Oklahoma, since October 1, 2003, and finished her third term as Chief Justice in September 2010. Previously, she served as District Judge for the Chickasaw Nation. Justice Smith also serves as a Special Judge for the Cheyenne and Arapaho tribal courts. She earned her bachelor's degree in mathematics education from East Central State University, Ada, Oklahoma, her master's from the University of Oklahoma, and her Juris Doctor from Oklahoma City University. She is an adjunct professor at the University of Oklahoma Law School teaching tribal courts and has been an adjunct professor in the Native American Studies Program at the University of Oklahoma teaching tribal sovereignty. Justice Smith is on the Board of Directors of the Native American Rights Fund in Boulder, Colorado, the Board of Directors of the National American Indian Court Judges Association, and the Advisory Council for the National Tribal Judicial Center at the National Judicial College in Reno, Nevada. She has been a facilitator for the Native American Rights Fund Chautauqua Peacemaking Project and is on the Advisory Committee for their current Peacemaking Project.

Michael Colbert Smith (Chicasaw) is a Chickasaw citizen and serves as a Court Advocate for the Chickasaw Nation Supreme Court and District Judge for the Sac and Fox Nation. In his Court Advocate capacity he practices in areas of guardianships, juvenile matters, domestic matters, family law, and adoptions. He also does consulting work on issues of tribal sovereignty, tribal courts, and commercial real estate. He earned his bachelor's degree in journalism, public relations from the University of Oklahoma and his Juris Doctor from Oklahoma City University. Michael is an adjunct professor at the University of Oklahoma Law School teaching tribal courts and has been an adjunct professor in the Native American Studies Program at the University of Oklahoma teaching tribal sovereignty. He joined the faculty at the National Judicial College in 2010.

Janet Strahan is a Victim/Witness Specialist who works with victims in Indian country.

Earl B. H. Sutherland Jr. received his PhD in school/child clinical psychology from the University of Virginia, his master of arts in clinical psychology and bachelor of arts in psychology from the George Mason University, and his master of science in clinical psycho-pharmacology from the Alliant International University. He is a Supervisory Psychologist with the Indian Health Service (IHS) in Crow/N. Cheyenne Hospital. Earl was the Director of the CARE center, the first fully federal child advocacy center. He is a Member at Large of the Board of Directors Division 55, American Psychological Association, member of the Board of Directors of the Native American Children's Alliance, and Prescription Privileging Chair of the Montana Psychological Association. He received the IHS National Director's Award in 2007.

Eric Szatkowski has been a Special Agent with the Wisconsin Department of Justice, Division of Criminal Investigation for 20 years. He is assigned to the state's Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force in Milwaukee and has earned a reputation as one of the top officers in the nation in apprehending sexual predators of children who use the Internet and/or cell phones to seduce or exploit children. His presentations on Internet and cellphone exploitation of children inspired the drafting and passage of new legislation in 2006. The Wisconsin Assembly Bill 942 significantly increased the levels of felonies for online child exploitation, increased maximum prison penalties, and implemented presumptive minimum prison terms for online predators. In 2010, he organized the first school for the Wisconsin Department of Justice to train police officers in the investigation of online child exploitation. He graduated with honors in 1983 from the University of Wisconsin€“Milwaukee with a bachelor's degree in mass communications.

Katherine TePas is the Response Coordinator for Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault for the Office of the Alaska Governor. Ms. TePas is the state's first domestic violence and sexual assault response coordinator, a position created by the legislature as part of Governor Parnell's comprehensive initiative against sexual assault and domestic violence. Ms. TePas's new role is to provide direction to all relevant executive branch agencies and to collaborate with municipal, federal, tribal, and nonprofit entities, with the goals of reducing the rates of sexual assault and domestic violence, ensuring adequate services for victims, and raising public awareness of the epidemic and the responses to it. Ms. TePas has a master's degree in social service administration from the University of Chicago's School of Social Service Administration and a bachelor's degree in social work from Xavier University in Cincinnati, Ohio. Ms. TePas has been working in the field of domestic violence and sexual assault for almost 20 years.

Gayle Thom is retired from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), having served as an Indian Country Victim Specialist for the FBI for more than 10 years, with more than 20 years in the criminal justice field. She served on the FBI Rapid Response Team and worked the Red Lake School Shooting on the Red Lake Reservation in Minnesota. Gayle serves as the Counseling and Faith Based Services in Indian Country Project Director for Unified Solutions.

Judge William Thorne (Pomo/Coast Miwok) is a Pomo/Coast Miwok Indian from northern California. He received a bachelor of arts from the University of Santa Clara in 1974 and his Juris Doctor from Stanford University in 1977. He has served as a Tribal Court Judge in 11 states on a part-time basis for more than 30 years. For 14 years he served as a full-time State Trial Judge. In May 2000, Judge Thorne was appointed to the Utah Court of Appeals. He is currently Vice-President of the National Indian Justice Center, after serving 20 years as President, a member of the Board of Directors for the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute, a Vice Chairman of Child Trends), and a Board Member of WestEd. Judge Thorne also serves on a number of committees and in various capacities with the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. Judge Thorne is a former member of the Board of Directors for the National Indian Court Judges Association (the national tribal judges group), a former member of the Utah Judicial Council (Utah's governing organization for the state judiciary), is a former Chair of the Racial and Ethnic Fairness Commission for the State of Utah, former Cochair of the Judicial Councils Committee on Improving Jury Service, and former Chair of the Utah Judicial Council's Technology Committee. Judge Thorne was also a member of the Pew Commission on Children in Foster Care. Judge Throne is the 2010 Native Inductee into the Minority Alumni Hall of Fame.

Suzanna Tiapula, JD, is Director of the National District Attorneys Association's National Center for Prosecution of Child Abuse (NCPCA) and oversees the delivery of training and technical assistance outreach to thousands of child-abuse professionals each year. In 2004 and 2005, she coordinated the development of two advanced trial-advocacy courses for prosecution of online crimes against children (Unsafe Havens I and II) as part of NCPCA's Child Sexual Exploitation Program. Suzanna began her legal career as a deputy prosecuting attorney for the City and County of Honolulu. As an Assistant Attorney General in American Samoa (1999€“2001), she was responsible for all family violence, sexual-assault, and institutional violence cases prosecuted in the territory. During this period, she worked with a criminal code that codified traditional Samoan practice. She has experience with the intersection of criminal justice, judicial philosophies based on Western jurisprudence, and traditional customary traditions and norms.

Yuriko B. Toro (Tohono O'odham Nation) is Project Manager for the Kom Chud Ki: Domestic Violence Program for the Tohono O'odham Nation. She has bachelor's degree in criminal justice and 11 years' experience working in tribal criminal justice in Tohono O'odham Nation and the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community. Yuriko completed the National Institute of Corrections Executive Leadership for Women Training and the TTEAMS training at Fox Valley Technical College, where she was also invited to be a trainer. She has worked as an Intervention Resource Officer, Adult Probation and Parole Officer, Licensing Investigator, Youth Activity Coordinator, and coach, including the monitoring of sex offenders and domestic violence offenders. She is fortunate to be part of the collaborative team she now works with in an effort to build and sustain the working relationship between all involved key agencies.

Tracy Toulou (Colville) is the Director of the Office of Tribal Justice (OTJ) at the Department of Justice (DOJ). OTJ is the primary point of contact for the DOJ's government-to-government relationship with Indian tribes. The office also serves as a source of Indian law expertise for the DOJ. Prior to his current position, Mr. Toulou served as an Assistant US Attorney for the District of Montana, where his duties included tribal outreach and the prosecution of violent crime in Indian country. He began his career with the DOJ as an attorney in the Criminal Division. Mr. Toulou attended law school at the University of New Mexico, during which time he had the opportunity to clerk for DNA Legal Services on the Navajo Nation and for the Laguna Pueblo Tribal Court. Before attending law school, Mr. Toulou worked for the US Agency for International Development and the US Peace Corps in Africa, Central America, and the Caribbean. He is a descendant of the Colville Confederated Tribes, located in Washington State.

Timothy Travis has represented delinquent and dependent children and their families as an Attorney and a Court Appointed Special Advocate and has sat as a Circuit Court Judge pro tempore in juvenile court. Timothy coordinated juvenile court improvement and treatment programs for the Oregon Judicial Department for 11 years while participating in developing and implementing state legislative and administrative child-welfare policy. Timothy is now part of Travis Consulting, along with his wife, Lynn, who is an experienced and accomplished child-welfare attorney and practitioner. Their clients are state courts and National Resource Centers as well as other national, state, and local public and private child-welfare entities. They provide training, technical assistance, facilitation, planning, and evaluation services to support and develop capability in the separate domains of the child-welfare system while enhancing the ability of each to collaborate with the others to improve outcomes for children and their families.

Lindsay Waldrop has been actively working in the anti-trafficking field for the past nine years. Currently Ms. Waldrop is the Human Trafficking TA Specialist with OVC's Training and Technical Assistance Center (OVC TTAC). In this capacity, she manages the OVC Trafficking Information Management System (TIMS) and coordinates training and technical assistance on human trafficking to law enforcement and service provider communities at a local, state and federal level. Before joining ICF International, Ms. Waldrop served as the human trafficking point of contact for the International Chiefs of Police Association, training Chiefs of Police on the crime and developing tools, such as a roll-call video and guidebook, for law enforcement first responders. She also developed tools focusing on other crimes of violence against women while at the IACP including stalking, domestic violence, and sexual assault. While earning her Master's degree, Ms. Waldrop served as a Senior Fellow at the Washington, D.C.based Polaris Project conducting court, jail, and street outreach to potential victims of trafficking.

Brian Warde is the Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Project Manager for the Office of the Prosecutor of the Tohono O'odham Nation. He has worked on two Office Violence Against Women grants for the Tohono O'odham Nation. Brian's experience in management has helped him recognize how important it is to reach across multiple disciplines by working with coalitions to achieve positive results. His extensive background in technical consulting has enabled him to modernize the technical presentations and visuals used for evidence in sexual assault and domestic violence trials for the prosecutor's office.

Diana Webster (White Earth Band of Ojibwe) is a Tribal Court Specialist with the Tribal Law and Policy Institute in West Hollywood, California, where she works with tribal justice systems, victim service providers, tribal service providers, and others involved in the improvement of justice in Indian country. She coordinates the technical assistance and regional trainings for Tribal Healing to Wellness Courts and assists with other programs. Diana received her bachelor of arts degree in business management from Webster University and a Juris Doctor at Southwestern Law School in Los Angeles.

Eileen West is a Program Specialist for the Children's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, US Department of Health and Human Services. Her program areas include tribal title IV-B child welfare programs, title IV-E plans, and the adoption assistance program. In addition, she is the Federal Project Officer for the Tribal Title IV-E Plan Development Grants. Eileen has been in child welfare for more than 25 years. She started out investigating allegations of abuse and neglect; worked at the state level in child welfare policy and program development; and then worked on developing a quality assurance process (similar to the current Child and Family Services Reviews).

Maureen L. White Eagle (Turtle Mountain) is the Executive Director of Partners for Women's Equality (PWE) and is an Attorney. She has practiced law in North Dakota, Minnesota, and several tribal jurisdictions since 1981. Maureen developed and managed the civil legal services program for Native survivors of sexual assault and domestic violence at the Minnesota Indian Women's Resource Center from 2002 to 2005. She received a Bush Leadership Fellowship in 2005/2006, studying the status of women throughout the world. Upon her return to the United States, she formed PWE, an international organization that supports human rights for all women and specifically works with indigenous women. She worked for the Tribal Law and Policy Institute for two years as a Victim Advocacy Legal Specialist; there she wrote and edited resource guides to aid tribes in the development of sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking codes; Adam Walsh€“compliant registration systems; and tribal law enforcement and tribal prosecutor sexual-assault protocols.

Sharyl Whitehawk (Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Anishinaabe) has worked in the field of culturally specific advocacy since 1985. She has held a variety of positions such as Special Needs Foster Care and Group Home Provider, Public Speaker, Coordinator of Our Children Are Sacred family support group, Coordinator of the Sexual Assault Advocacy Program on the White Earth Reservation, Chemical Dependency Counselor for the White Earth Reservation, and Program Director of Okiciyapi Sexual Assault Services on the Upper and Lower Sioux reservations. Her vast experience in a variety of fields gives her a unique perspective on the holistic needs of survivors, and, having spent most of her career working in Native-specific programs, she has experienced their positive impact firsthand. Currently, Sharyl works as the Outreach and Cultural Specialist for the Sacred Hoop Coalition.

Susan WhiteHorse (Ho-Chunk) is the Manager of the Wisconsin Clearinghouse for Missing and Exploited Children and Adults and Coordinator of Wisconsin's Amber Alert Program. The Wisconsin Clearinghouse actively assists families, victims, law enforcement, social services, and other community agencies in searching for missing or exploited children and adults, and plays a central role in any Amber Alert activation. Susan has been instrumental in the development of the Wisconsin Clearinghouse since 1999 and provides training related to Wisconsin's Amber Alert Program. She strives to make this essential training available to law enforcement, judges, prosecutors, attorneys, tribal communities, dispatchers, social service agencies, child protective services, and various community organizations. She has spearheaded and implemented training and outreach to Native American tribes regarding Wisconsin Clearinghouse resources and services. She is the recipient of the Attorney General's Victim Advocacy Award and the 2008 Director's Community Leadership Award by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Renee Williams joined the staff of the US Department of Justice (DOJ), Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), as a Social Science Program Specialist in July 2004. In this capacity she is responsible for a number of innovative projects including the Children's Justice Act Partnerships for Indian Communities Discretionary Grant Program. Ms. Williams has more than 16 years of federal experience in policy administration and program management. Prior to OVC, Ms. Williams served as a Grants Management Specialist at the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, providing funding for scientific research. The experience afforded her the opportunity to assist historically black colleges and universities with enhancing their science/research programs. Positions of leadership she has held include the Deputy Team Leader for the US DOJ Community Oriented Policing Services Office. Ms. Williams earned a bachelor's degree in criminal justice from Park University, Parksville, Missouri, and a master of public administration criminal justice degree from Troy University, Troy, Alabama.
Laura W. Woods (Yurok) is a recognized and respected Tribal Court Trainer/Consultant with more than 25 years of experience in trial court operations, day-to-day court management, and staff training and development. She has worked closely with more than 40 tribal courts across the country during the past 10 years as a trainer and support specialist for an integrated court-case management software company, and for the past year as an independent contractor. Laura's close ties to Native communities and her sensitivity to Indian customs and traditions combined with her extensive legal background make her an asset to tribes. Laura has a deep desire to help strengthen Native families and believes this can best be done by strengthening the leadership skills of parents and guardians. Since her graduation from the Family Leadership Institute (FLI) Training Program in Nevada, Laura has launched her own business in order to pursue her heart's dream of helping Native families everywhere by offering the FLI program.

Vicki Ybanez (Navajo, Apache) has been working to end violence against women for nearly 25 years. She is a founding member and Director for Red Wind Consulting, which coordinates and provides tribal technical assistance for recipients of the grants to Indian tribal governments through the US Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women. She works across multiple additional grant programs such as the Transitional Housing, Grants to Encourage Arrest, and Legal Assistance to Victims. Vicki works on a range of projects directly with tribes and community-based advocacy organizations to develop, strengthen, and enhance their local response to violence against Native women. From 1998 to the present, she has worked closely with such national technical assistance providers as Mending the Sacred Hoop, Praxis International, the Battered Women's Justice Project, and the Tribal Law and Policy Institute.


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