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Tribal Constitutions

The Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project is a joint project of the University of Oklahoma Law School, the National Indian Law Library of the Native American Rights Fund, and Native American tribes. The following Tribal Constitutions can be found on this outstanding site.

  1. People of Bill Moore's Slough
  2. Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation
  3. Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma
  4. Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma
  5. Chickasaw Nation
  6. Minnesota Chippewa Tribe
  7. Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewas
  8. Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians North Dakota (1962-1997)
  9. Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
  10. Native Village of Fort Yukon, Alaska
  11. Native Tribe of Huslia, Alaska
  12. Kialegee Tribal Town Oklahoma (1941) Still in effect as of 2002
  13. Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas
  14. Native Tribe of Koyukuk, Alaska
  15. Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
  16. Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians
  17. Lower Brule Sioux Tribe
  18. St. Regis Mohawk Tribe
  19. Muscogee (Creek) Nation
  20. Nez Perce Tribe (1999 Revised)
  21. Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Oklahoma (1984)
  22. Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribe
  23. Little River Band of Ottawa Indians of Manistee, Michigan
  24. Sipayik Members of the Passamaquoddy Tribe (Draft of August 9, 1990)
  25. Citizen Potawatomi Nation
  26. Forest County Potawatomi Community Wisconsin (1982)
  27. Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma (1999)
  28. Ely Shoshone Tribe of Ely, Nevada
  29. Tunica-Biloxie Indians of Louisiana
  30. Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation in Oregon
  31. Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Indian Reservation Colorado (1975)
  32. Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah)
  33. White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Indian Reservation Arizona
  34. Yavapai-Apache Nation

The following tribes post their constitutions.

  1. Fort Peck Tribes
  2. Ho-Chunk Nation
  3. Hualapai Constitution
  4. Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe - Constitution of the Jamestown ...
  5. Lower Brule Sioux Tribe
  6. Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian
  7. Oglala Sioux Tribe
  8. Otoe Missouria Tribe
  9. Pascua Yaqui Tribe
  10. Ponca Tribe of Nebraska
  11. Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation
  12. Puyallup Tribal Codes - Code Publishing Co.
  13. Rosebud Sioux Tribe
  14. Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa
  15. Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan
  16. Sitka Tribe of Alaska
  17. Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone
  18. Washoe Tribe
  19. White Mountain Apache Tribe
  20. Yurok Tribe
  21. Zuni Tribe - The Pueblo of Zuni

Developing Effective Processes of American Indian Constitutional and Governmental Reform: Lessons from the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, Hualapai Nation, Navajo Nation and Northern Cheyenne Tribe by Eric Lemont

Over the past several decades, numerous American Indian nations have been revising their constitutions to create more legitimate, effective and culturally-appropriate governments. However, successful processes of reform have been hindered by a variety of universal challenges, including political obstacles to changing the status quo, difficulties in achieving effective citizen participation and insufficient mechanisms for resolving conflict ...

The First Nations Environmental Law Program at Vermont Law School (VLS) has launched the Tribal Environmental Law Virtual Library to make tribal laws and regulations in the field of environmental law available through the internet. In addition to codes that have been enacted and regulations that have been formally adopted, the virtual library will also include other kinds of documents, such as "model" or "template" codes and analytical papers by scholars and practitioners. VLS is building this virtual library in cooperation with the National Tribal Environmental Council (NTEC), the National Indian Law Library (a resource of the Native American Rights Fund), and other organizations.

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Federal Agencies

Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
Administration for Native Americans (ANA)
American Indian Environmental Office
BIA Office of Justice Services
Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)
Bureau of Indian Education
Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)
HUD's Office of Native American Programs (ONAP)
Indian Law and Order Commission (ILOC)
Office for Victims of Crime
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)
Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART Office)
Office of Tribal Justice (OTJ)
Office on Violence Against Women
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Tribal Justice and Safety in Indian Country
Tribal Youth Program

more . . .

Native Organizations

California Indian Legal Services
National American Indian Court Judges Association (NAICJA)
National American Indian Housing Council (NAIHC)

National Congress of American Indians (NCAI)

National Indian Child Welfare Association (NICWA)

National Indian Country Clearinghouse on Sexual Assault (NICCSA)

National Child Welfare Resource Center for Tribes (NRC4Tribes)

Native American Children’s Alliance (NACA)

Native American Rights Fund (NARF)

Native Elder Health Care Resource Center
Navajo Nation Bar Association
Southwest Center For Law And Policy

Walking on Common Ground

Native Law Blogs

Tribal Law Updates
Alaska Indigenous
Falmouth Institute/American Indian Report
ICWA Info Blog
Indian Legal Program – Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law
Legal History Blog
Legal Scholarship Blog
National Indian Law Library Blog
Native America, Discovered and Conquered
Native American Legal Update
Turtle Talk

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