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Tribal Constitutions

The Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project is a joint project of the University of Oklahoma Law School, the National Indian Law Library of the Native American Rights Fund, and Native American tribes. The following Tribal Constitutions can be found on this outstanding site.

  1. People of Bill Moore's Slough
  2. Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation
  3. Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma
  4. Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma
  5. Chickasaw Nation
  6. Minnesota Chippewa Tribe
  7. Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewas
  8. Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians North Dakota (1962-1997)
  9. Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
  10. Native Village of Fort Yukon, Alaska
  11. Native Tribe of Huslia, Alaska
  12. Kialegee Tribal Town Oklahoma (1941) Still in effect as of 2002
  13. Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas
  14. Native Tribe of Koyukuk, Alaska
  15. Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
  16. Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians
  17. Lower Brule Sioux Tribe
  18. St. Regis Mohawk Tribe
  19. Muscogee (Creek) Nation
  20. Nez Perce Tribe (1999 Revised)
  21. Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Oklahoma (1984)
  22. Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribe
  23. Little River Band of Ottawa Indians of Manistee, Michigan
  24. Sipayik Members of the Passamaquoddy Tribe (Draft of August 9, 1990)
  25. Citizen Potawatomi Nation
  26. Forest County Potawatomi Community Wisconsin (1982)
  27. Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma (1999)
  28. Ely Shoshone Tribe of Ely, Nevada
  29. Tunica-Biloxie Indians of Louisiana
  30. Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation in Oregon
  31. Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Indian Reservation Colorado (1975)
  32. Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah)
  33. White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Indian Reservation Arizona
  34. Yavapai-Apache Nation

The National Indian Law Library (NILL) has posted the following Constitutions:

  1. Constitution and By-laws of the Akiak Native Community
  2. Constitution and Bylaws of the Bay Mills Indian Community
  3. Constitution of the Big Lagoon Rancheria
  4. Constitution and By-Laws For the Blackfeet Tribe Of The Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana
  5. Constitution of the Blue Lake Rancheria
  6. Constitution and Bylaws of the Rancheria, Modoc County, Cedarville, California
  7. Constitution and By-Laws of the Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma
  8. Constitution and Bylaws of the Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana
  9. Constitution of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
  10. Constitution and Bylaws of the Cold Springs Rancheria, Fresno County, California
  11. Constitution and By-Laws of the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation
  12. Constitution of the Comanche Nation
  13. Constitution of the Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians
  14. Constitution of the Coquille Indian Tribe
  15. Constitution of the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma
  16. Constitution of the Elk Valley Rancheria, California
  17. Ely Shoshone Tribe Constitution
  18. Articles of Association of the Fort Independence Indian Community, California
  19. Constitution and Bylaws of the Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribe, Nevada
  20. Constitution of the Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation
  21. Constitution and By Laws of the Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
  22. Constitution and By-Laws of the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon
  23. Constitution of the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians
  24. The Constitution of the Ho-Chunk Nation
  25. Constitution and By Laws of the Hoopa Valley Tribe, Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation
  26. Constitution of the Karuk Tribe
  27. Constitution of the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians
  28. Constitution of the Lower Sioux Indian Community in Minnesota
  29. Constitution and Bylaws of the Makah Indian Tribe of the Makah Indian Reservation
  30. Constitution of the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
  31. Revised Constitution and Bylaws of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota [As Published in the Mille Lacs Band Statutes Annotated]
  32. Revised Constitution and Bylaws of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
  33. 1999 Revised Constitution and Bylaws of the Nez Perce Tribe
  34. Constitution and Bylaws of the Nisqually Tribe of the Nisqually Indian Reservation
  35. Constitution and By-Laws of the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, Pine Ridge, South Dakota
  36. Constitution and By-Laws of the Pawnee Indians of Oklahoma
  37. Constitution of the Pit River Tribe
  38. Constitution of the Poarch Band of Creek Indians
  39. Constitution of the Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation
  40. Constitution and Bylaws of the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians
  41. The Constitution of the Redding Rancheria
  42. Constitution and Bylaws of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe of South Dakota
  43. Constitution of the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe ON-KWA-IA-NE-REN-SHE-RA (our laws)
  44. Constitution and Bylaws of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation, as Amended
  45. Constitution of the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians
  46. Constitution of the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians of Oregon
  47. Constitution of the Sipayik Members of the Passamaquoddy Tribe
  48. Revised Constitution and Bylaws of the Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe, South Dakota
  49. Constitution of the Skokomish Indian Tribe [and Related Documents]
  50. Constitution and By-laws of the Stockbridge-Munsee Community, Wisconsin
  51. Susanville Indian Rancheria Constitution and Bylaws
  52. Constitution and Bylaws for the Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation, As Amended
  53. Constitution of the Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada
  54. Constitution of the Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians, Torres Martinez Reservation, California
  55. Constitution and Bylaws for the Tulalip Tribes of Washington
  56. Constitution and Bylaws of the Tule River Indian Tribe of California
  57. Constitution and Bylaws of the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians North Dakota
  58. Constitution and By-Laws of the Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation
  59. See Minnesota Chippewa above.
  60. Amended Constitution of the Yankton Sioux Tribal Business and Claims Committee
  61. Constitution of the Yavapai-Apache Nation

 

  1. New to the Clearinghouse Comparison of the 1976 and 1999 Cherokee Nation Constitutions Adobe Acrobat Reader is Required to View this File.
  2. The Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of Montana have posted their Constitution. Adobe Acrobat Reader is Required to View this File.
  3. The Sipayik members of the Passamaquoddy Tribe has posted their Constitution.
  4. The Grand Ronde Nation web site posts a version of the Grand Ronde Constitution. Adobe Acrobat Reader is Required to View this File.
  5. The Stockbridge-Munsee Community provides the on-line version of the Stockbridge-Munsee Constitution and Tribal Law as a service to the Tribal members, and as a courtesy to other Internet users (this on-line version is not official).
  6. Jamestown S'Klallam Nation has posted S'Klallam Nation Constitution.
  7. The Tulalip Nation has a posted copy of the Tulalip Constitution.
  8. The Hoopa Valley Tribe in California has posted the Hoopa Constitution and Bylaws Adobe Acrobat Reader is Required to View this File. and Hoopa Valley Code. Adobe Acrobat Reader is Required to View this File.

  9. The Chickasaw Nation has posted the Chickasaw Nation Constitution.
  10. TheCaddo.com, an unofficial website concerned with the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma, has posted Several Tribal Documents, including the Constitution and Bylaws of the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma.

Developing Effective Processes of American Indian Constitutional and Governmental Reform: Lessons from the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, Hualapai Nation, Navajo Nation and Northern Cheyenne Tribe by Eric Lemont
Over the past several decades, numerous American Indian nations have been revising their constitutions to create more legitimate, effective and culturally-appropriate governments. However, successful processes of reform have been hindered by a variety of universal challenges, including political obstacles to changing the status quo, difficulties in achieving effective citizen participation and insufficient mechanisms for resolving conflict ...

The First Nations Environmental Law Program at Vermont Law School (VLS) has launched the Tribal Environmental Law Virtual Library to make tribal laws and regulations in the field of environmental law available through the internet. In addition to codes that have been enacted and regulations that have been formally adopted, the virtual library will also include other kinds of documents, such as "model" or "template" codes and analytical papers by scholars and practitioners. VLS is building this virtual library in cooperation with the National Tribal Environmental Council (NTEC), the National Indian Law Library (a resource of the Native American Rights Fund), and other organizations.

 

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